Harrisburg city, Pennsylvania

USA > Pennsylvania > Harrisburg city

Harrisburg city, Pennsylvania

Harrisburg city, Pennsylvania
Nickname(s):Pennsylvania's Capital City
Incorporated:1791
Population
- Total:49.528 (2010)
- Density:5.503,1/sq mi (2.251,3/sq km)
Area code(s):717
Time zone:EST (UTC-5)
Summer Time zone:EDT (UTC-4)
Website:www.harrisburgpa.gov
Area
- Total:13 sq mi (32 sq km)
- Land:9 sq mi (22 sq km)
- Water:4 sq mi (10 sq km)
- % water:31,25 %
Latitude:+40.2758906
Longitude:-076.8850199

Quick information summary of the Harrisburg city area.

Harrisburg city is located in the state of Pennsylvania. It occupies the area of 13 square miles. 4 square miles are water areas and 9 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Harrisburg city lies at +40.2758906, -076.8850199 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 49.528 living in the Harrisburg city. The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : Black or African American (52.41%), White (30.65%) and Some Other Race (7.77%). Median age is 32 for the males and 33 for the females.

Harrisburg is the capital of Pennsylvania and the county seat of Dauphin County. With a population of 49,528 (as of the 2010 Census) it is the ninth-largest city in Pennsylvania.

The city is located on the eastern bank of the Susquehanna River. It occupies an area of 11.4 square miles and lies in the Eastern Time Zone (UTC-5).

The nickname of Harrisburg is simply “Pennsylvania’s Capital City.” Harrisburg has played an important role in American history, especially in the Westward Migration, the American Civil War and the Industrial Revolution. The city was in the center of international attention in 1979 after the Three Mile Island nuclear incident.

Click here to read the full detailed Harrisburg city profile

Statistical data for the Harrisburg city based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

Total
49,528
White alone
15,18130.65 %
Black or African American alone
25,95752.41 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
2510.51 %
Asian alone
1,7093.45 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
290.06 %
Some Other Race alone
3,8477.77 %
Two or More races
2,5545.16 %

Click here to see many more graphs and stats tables for this area

Population break-up based on Counties and Subdivisions in the area

Counties Subdivisions
County (whole county) Harrisburg city part within the County Subdivision (whole subdivision) Harrisburg city part within the Subdivision
Dauphin County 268.100- Harrisburg city part49.528
Harrisburg city 49.528- Harrisburg city part49.528

Profile of the Harrisburg city

History of Harrisburg

The area of present-day Harrisburg was inhabited by Native American tribes (primarily the Susquehanna) long before the first Europeans came. The first European contact with the tribes was made in 1608 by Captain John Smith. The first settler in the area was English trader John Harris, Sr. in 1719. His son, John Harris Jr., ordered a survey of the land and in 1791 Harrisburg was officially incorporated. Harrisburg became the capital of Pennsylvania in 1812. The city was the site of the first national convention of the Whig Party in 1839.

The fact that Harrisburg was situated at a pass of a mountain ridge made it strategically important, especially for the Westward expansion, to which it was a starting point. Its position on the Susquehanna River was also decisive for the commercial and later industrial development of the city.

During the Civil War, Harrisburg was a major training center for the Union Army. It was also a railroad transportation hub and a connection between the Atlantic Coast and the Midwest. Because of these strategic advantages, it was invaded by the Confederate Army on two occasions. It is believed that the battle at Sporting Hill (two miles west of Harrisburg) was the northernmost battle of the Civil War. Harrisburg was also an important stop for the escaped slaves on the Underground Railroad.

In the second half of the 19th century Harrisburg became a major transportation center but, more importantly, a hub of the steel and iron industry. The nearby town of Steelton was the home of the Pennsylvania Steel Company, the first in the nation. Harrisburg grew with the industry but it also changed significantly from a small town in the middle of a pastoral farming land it became a dirty and polluted industrial center dominated by factory chimneys and miles of railroad tracks.

The Pennsylvania Farm Show was established in 1917 and it remains the largest indoor farm expo in the United States to the day.

The period between the 1920s and the 1970s was a period of industrial decline for the city, during which the population shifted towards the suburbs, causing a heavy decline of the city center. During that time, Harrisburg started turning more and more to the service industry, especially health care and convention centers.

In 1979, there was a partial meltdown at Three Mile Island nuclear plant near Harrisburg. As the authorities advised evacuation of pregnant women and young children in a five-mile radius, some 140,000 temporarily left the city within a few days.

Geography and Climate

Harrisburg is located in South Central Pennsylvania, in Dauphin County. It is situated along the Susquehanna River and the other bodies of water in the city include Paxton Creek, Italian lake and Wildwood Lake. The city is located between the Blue Mountain ridge, the Cumberland Valley and the Lebanon Valley.

The climate in Harrisburg is a combination of humid subtropical and humid continental climates. Summers are hot and humid, with occasional heat waves. Winters are cold, with occasional heavy snowstorms, although there are often winters with little or no snowfall at all.

Population of Harrisburg

In 2010, the racial makeup in the city was 54.2% Black or African American, 30.7% White, 18% Hispanic or Latino, 3.5% Asian, 0.5% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander and 5.2% two or more races.

In 2000, the median household income in the city was $26,920 and the per capita income was $15,787.

Economy and Business

Harrisburg has a diversified economy, with more than 7,000 different companies headquartered or operating within the city. Service-related industries make up the largest portion of the city economy. Some of the major national companies Harrisburg include Rite Aid Corporation, Hershey Foods, IBM, EDS and Tyco Electronics. The largest employers are the state and federal government. Other large employers include Penn State Harrisburg, Wal-Mart, Highmark, TE Connectivity, Pinnacle Health System and Giant Food Stores, Inc.

Culture and Events

Two major performance venues in Harrisburg are the Whitaker Center for Science and Arts and The Forum, home to the Harrisburg Symphony Orchestra. Some of the best museums and other sites of interest in the city include National Civil War Museum, Pennsylvania State Capitol Complex, State Museum of Pennsylvania, Susquehanna Art Museum, Broad Street Market, Pennsylvania Holocaust Memorial, Market Square, John Harris-Simon Cameron Mansion and the Capital Area Greenbelt.

Starting from the early 2000s, Harrisburg has developed a strong and interesting commercial nightlife, from small clubs and bars to large festivals, which made the city one of the favorite nightlife destinations in the region.

Education

Harrisburg has an extensive Catholic education system, with 40 Catholic elementary schools and seven Catholic high schools. As for the higher education, the institutions in the city include Penn State Harrisburg Eastgate Center, Dixon University Center, Temple University Harrisburg Campus, Widener University Harrisburg Campus, Harrisburg Area Community College and Harrisburg University of Science and Technology. There is also a large number of colleges and universities in the larger Harrisburg area, such as Dickinson College, Penn State Dickinson School of Law, Penn State Hershey Medical Center, U.S. Army War College, Duquesne College and Lutheran Theological Seminary at Gettysburg.

Transportation

Harrisburg International Airport in Middletown offers domestic and international services for the area. Intercity bus service is provided by Greyhound, Bieber Tourways, Capitol Trailways, Fullington Trailways and Susquehanna Trailways. Intercity passenger rail service is provided by Amtrak on Keystone and Pennsylvanian lines. Capital Area Transit offers bus, paratransit and commuter rail service in the city and the metropolitan area.

Major highways in Harrisburg include I-76, I-78, I-81, I-83, as well as U.S. Highways 11, 15, 22 322 and 422. The city has several large bridges on the Susquehanna River and the Paxton Creek.

Statistical data for the Harrisburg city

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

Total
49,528
White alone
15,18130.65 %
Black or African American alone
25,95752.41 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
2510.51 %
Asian alone
1,7093.45 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
290.06 %
Some Other Race alone
3,8477.77 %
Two or More races
2,5545.16 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Total
49,528
Not Hispanic or Latino
40,58981.95 %
Hispanic or Latino
8,93918.05 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Total
49,528
Not Hispanic or Latino
40,58981.95 %
White alone
12,29030.28 %
Black or African American alone
24,72760.92 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1460.36 %
Asian alone
1,6924.17 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
40.01 %
Some Other Race alone
970.24 %
Two or More races
1,6334.02 %
Hispanic or Latino
8,93918.05 %
White alone
2,89132.34 %
Black or African American alone
1,23013.76 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1051.17 %
Asian alone
170.19 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
250.28 %
Some Other Race alone
3,75041.95 %
Two or More races
92110.30 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes
32
Male
32
Female
33

Household Type

Total
20,605
Family households
10,62651.57 %
Husband-wife family
4,20639.58 %
Other family
6,42060.42 %
Male householder, no wife present
1,14717.87 %
Female householder, no husband present
5,27382.13 %
Nonfamily households
9,97948.43 %
Householder living alone
8,10981.26 %
Householder not living alone
1,87018.74 %

Geographical and Cultural Features and Landmarks in the Harrisburg city - including Historical Features

Distance is calculated from the Harrisburg city center coordinates

Distance limit:

Random list of Geographic Features located within the radius of 3 miles from the Harrisburg city center

Airport

  • Harsco Heliport [1.71 mi] [2.75 km]
  • Mount View Airport [3.45 mi] [5.55 km]

Bridge

  • Taylor Bridge [1.1 mi] [1.77 km]
  • Memorial Bridge [0.75 mi] [1.2 km]

Building

  • Ronald Reagan Federal Building and Courthouse [1 mi] [1.6 km]
  • Pennsylvania State Capitol [0.81 mi] [1.3 km]
  • Harrisburg Bureau of Fire Station 8 Mount Pleasant [1.09 mi] [1.75 km]
  • Broad Street Market [0.53 mi] [0.85 km]
  • Harrisburg Bureau of Fire Station 2 [0.98 mi] [1.58 km]
  • Creekside Volunteer Fire Company 21 [1.97 mi] [3.17 km]
  • West Fairview Forest Fire and Conservation Company [1.8 mi] [2.9 km]
  • Goodwill Fire Company 1 Station 16 [1.78 mi] [2.86 km]
  • Governors Mansion [0.74 mi] [1.19 km]
  • Harrisburg Bureau of Fire Station 1 [0.27 mi] [0.44 km]
  • Citizens Fire Company 1 of Penbrook [2.07 mi] [3.33 km]
  • East Pennsboro Ambulance Service Station 75 [2.75 mi] [4.42 km]
  • Edgemont Volunteer Fire Company Station 31 [1.77 mi] [2.85 km]
  • State Farm Show Building [0.59 mi] [0.95 km]
  • Midway Fire Company 2 Station 17 [2.46 mi] [3.96 km]

Cemetery

  • Paxtang Cemetery [2.88 mi] [4.63 km]
  • Bethel Cemetery [3.04 mi] [4.89 km]
  • Prospect Hill Cemetery [2.21 mi] [3.56 km]
  • Harrisburg Cemetery [0.69 mi] [1.12 km]
  • East Harrisburg Cemetery [1.81 mi] [2.91 km]

Census

  • West Fairview Census Designated Place [1.83 mi] [2.94 km]

Church

  • Salem Church [1.18 mi] [1.89 km]
  • Saint Marks Church [3.58 mi] [5.76 km]

Civil

  • Borough of Wormleysburg [1.63 mi] [2.62 km]
  • Borough of Paxtang [2.89 mi] [4.65 km]
  • City of Harrisburg [0.73 mi] [1.18 km]
  • Borough of West Fairview (historical) [1.76 mi] [2.83 km]
  • Borough of Penbrook [1.97 mi] [3.17 km]

Hospital

  • Bloom Outpatient Clinic [3.66 mi] [5.89 km]
  • Pennsylvania State Hospital [0.76 mi] [1.23 km]
  • Harrisburg State Hospital [0.76 mi] [1.22 km]

Island

  • Independence Island [0.9 mi] [1.44 km]

Locale

  • Strawberry Square [1.01 mi] [1.62 km]
  • Kings Plaza [2.38 mi] [3.83 km]
  • City Line Shopping Center [2.31 mi] [3.71 km]
  • Reservoir Park Overlook [1.68 mi] [2.7 km]
  • Kline Village Shopping Center [2.28 mi] [3.67 km]
  • Harrisburg Shopping Center [0.29 mi] [0.47 km]
  • Union Square [3.14 mi] [5.05 km]
  • The Point Shopping Center [3.62 mi] [5.83 km]
  • Dauphin Plaza [3.13 mi] [5.04 km]

Park

  • Royal Terrace Park [0.82 mi] [1.32 km]
  • Penn and Sayford Park [0.54 mi] [0.86 km]
  • Sunshine Park [0.74 mi] [1.19 km]
  • Reservoir Park [1.59 mi] [2.56 km]
  • Penbrook Park [2.22 mi] [3.57 km]
  • Penn and Dauphin Park [0.56 mi] [0.89 km]
  • Fourth and Dauphin Park [0.37 mi] [0.6 km]
  • Adam Ricci Community Park [3.06 mi] [4.93 km]
  • Delaware and Wallace Park [0.33 mi] [0.53 km]
  • Braxton Park [0.41 mi] [0.66 km]
  • Little Valley Park [2.08 mi] [3.34 km]

Populated Place

  • Kingwood [3.82 mi] [6.14 km]
  • Wormleysburg [1.77 mi] [2.84 km]
  • Bonneymeade Farm [3.51 mi] [5.65 km]
  • West Creek Hills [2.14 mi] [3.44 km]
  • Fox Ridge Court [0.54 mi] [0.87 km]
  • Coventry Close [2.22 mi] [3.57 km]
  • Paxtang Manor [2.86 mi] [4.6 km]
  • Paxtang Manor [2.9 mi] [4.66 km]
  • Jackson Lick [0.23 mi] [0.37 km]
  • Harrisburg [0.15 mi] [0.25 km]
  • West Fairview [1.61 mi] [2.59 km]
  • Penbrook [1.95 mi] [3.14 km]
  • Twin Lakes [3.88 mi] [6.25 km]
  • Hassler Meadows [3.36 mi] [5.4 km]
  • Hillside Village [0.44 mi] [0.7 km]
  • Grandview Acres [3.43 mi] [5.53 km]

School

  • Vernon School [1.46 mi] [2.35 km]
  • Webster School [1.34 mi] [2.15 km]
  • Melrose School [1.86 mi] [3 km]
  • Saint Patricks School [0.83 mi] [1.33 km]
  • Holy Family School [2.32 mi] [3.73 km]
  • Boas School (historical) [0.66 mi] [1.07 km]
  • Edison Junior High School [1.39 mi] [2.24 km]
  • Marshall School [2.13 mi] [3.42 km]
  • Lincoln School [1.01 mi] [1.62 km]
  • Benjamin Franklin Elementary School [0.34 mi] [0.55 km]
  • Harris High School [2.04 mi] [3.28 km]
  • West Creek Hills School [2.13 mi] [3.42 km]
  • Downey Early Childhood School [0.47 mi] [0.76 km]
  • Cameron School [0.51 mi] [0.82 km]
  • Woodward School [0.95 mi] [1.54 km]
  • Hamilton Elementary School [0.15 mi] [0.23 km]
  • Our Lady of the Blessed Sacrament School [0.5 mi] [0.8 km]
  • Susquehanna Township Middle School [2.69 mi] [4.33 km]
  • Adams Street School (historical) [2.42 mi] [3.9 km]
  • Keen School [0.76 mi] [1.23 km]

Stream

  • Slotznick Run [3.66 mi] [5.89 km]
  • Conodoguinet Creek [1.54 mi] [2.47 km]
  • Holtz Run [3.48 mi] [5.61 km]
  • Asylum Run [0.34 mi] [0.56 km]
  • Pine Run [3.91 mi] [6.3 km]

Tower

  • WCMB-AM (Harrisburg) [1.67 mi] [2.69 km]
  • WSFM-FM (Harrisburg) [1.62 mi] [2.6 km]
  • WMSP-FM (Harrisburg) [1.62 mi] [2.6 km]

Photos from the Harrisburg city

Photos provided by Panoramio. Photos are under the copyright of their owners.

Photos on Map - Harrisburg city, Pennsylvania

Map of Harrisburg city, Pennsylvania

Current weather situation in the Harrisburg city

City Alias ZIP Codes
HarrisburgBlue Cross17177
HarrisburgBlue Shield17140
HarrisburgBressler17113
HarrisburgBureau Of Motor Vehicles17122
HarrisburgCapital Blue Cross17177
HarrisburgDepartment Of Revenue17127, 17128
HarrisburgHarrisburg17126, 17112, 17127, 17110, 17111, 17125, 17113, 17120, 17124, 17121, 17123, 17122, 17128, 17109, 17105, 17140, 17103, 17106, 17130, 17101, 17102, 17107, 17177, 17129, 17108, 17104
HarrisburgHbg17123, 17140, 17124, 17128, 17125, 17126, 17129, 17127, 17177, 17122, 17101, 17108, 17107, 17106, 17105, 17104, 17103, 17120, 17102, 17130, 17121
HarrisburgLinglestown17112
HarrisburgLower Paxton17109, 17112
HarrisburgOberlin17113
HarrisburgPa Blue Shield17140
HarrisburgPaxtang17111
HarrisburgPaxtonia17112
HarrisburgPenbrook17103, 17109
HarrisburgPheaa17130
HarrisburgState Dept Of Education17126
HarrisburgState Employment Security17121
HarrisburgState General Services17125
HarrisburgState Liquor Control17124
HarrisburgState Of Pennsylvania17120
HarrisburgSteelton17113
HarrisburgSwatara17111
HarrisburgTraffic Safety17123
HarrisburgUsps Official17107
HarrisburgWest End17102
HarrisburgWest Hanover17112

Are you from Harrisburg city or have to say something about this place?