Salem city, Oregon

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Salem city, Oregon

Salem city, Oregon
Nickname(s):The Cherry City
Founded:1842
Population
- Total:154.637 (2010)
- Density:3.155,9/sq mi (1.237,1/sq km)
Area code(s):503, 971
Time zone:PST (UTC−8)
Summer Time zone:PDT (UTC−7)
Website:www.cityofsalem.net
Area
- Total:50 sq mi (127 sq km)
- Land:49 sq mi (125 sq km)
- Water:1 sq mi (2 sq km)
- % water:1,57 %
Latitude:+44.9236937
Longitude:-123.0231194

Quick information summary of the Salem city area.

Salem city is located in the state of Oregon. It occupies the area of 50 square miles. 1 square miles are water areas and 49 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Salem city lies at +44.9236937, -123.0231194 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 154.637 living in the Salem city. The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : White (79.03%), Some Other Race (10.05%) and Two or More races (4.29%). Median age is 33 for the males and 36 for the females.

Salem is the capital of the U.S. state of Oregon and the seat of Marion County. At the 2010 Census, the city had a population of 154,637 which made it the third-largest city in the state. It is the principal city of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area which includes Marion and Polk counties and has a population of 347,214.

Salem is often called “The Cherry City” because it used to have a thriving cherry-growing industry. The city is located at the Willamette Valley, on the Willamette River, and it occupies an area of 46.4 square miles. Salem lies in the Pacific Time Zone (UTC-8).

Click here to read the full detailed Salem city profile

Statistical data for the Salem city based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

Total
154,637
White alone
122,21379.03 %
Black or African American alone
2,2831.48 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
2,2841.48 %
Asian alone
4,2152.73 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1,4600.94 %
Some Other Race alone
15,54510.05 %
Two or More races
6,6374.29 %

Click here to see many more graphs and stats tables for this area

Population break-up based on Counties and Subdivisions in the area

Counties Subdivisions
County (whole county) Salem city part within the County Subdivision (whole subdivision) Salem city part within the Subdivision
Marion County 315.335- Salem city part130.398
Salem CCD 224.401- Salem city part130.398
Polk County 75.403- Salem city part24.239
Salem CCD 28.737- Salem city part24.239

Profile of the Salem city

History of Salem

It is believed that the Willamette Valley and the area of present-day Salem were inhabited for more than 10,000 years. The original inhabitants were the Kalapuya peoples who, together with other native peoples west of the Cascadian Range, have been removed from the area in the 1850s.

The first permanent American settlement was founded in 1840 by the Jason Lee Methodist Mission, in Wheatland, just north of present-day Salem. The missionaries founded the Oregon Institute in 1842 and in 1844 the mission was dissolved and the city was established. In 1851, the capital of Oregon Territory moved from Oregon City to Salem. Salem was incorporated as a city in 1857 and became the state capital when Oregon was admitted to the Union in 1859.

The city had three state capitol buildings. The first one was built in 1855 but it was destroyed by fire only two months after the completion. The second one was completed in 1876 in the revival style with a distinctive copper dome. However, this building was also destroyed by fire in in 1935. The current capitol was completed in 1938 with the distinctive statue of the Oregon Pioneer on top of the dome.

Salem always relied greatly on agriculture and in 1861 it was chosen as the permanent site of the Oregon State Fair. The city owes its nickname, “The Cherry City,” to the importance of the cherry industry, especially in the past. The cherry festival, celebrating this industry, was held from 1903 to sometime after the WWI.

In addition to agriculture, Salem was also a center for wool processing in the state and in the region. Lumber was another important economic sector for the city. Today, the city is a center for technology and information and continues to grow in population, probably due to the natural beauty of its area and to a number of historic buildings combined with modern amenities.

Geography and Climate

Salem lies in Marion and Polk counties, which are divided by the Willamette River. The 45th Parallel passes through the city, which occupies 46,6 square miles at an elevation between 120 ft. and 800 ft. The city is surrounded by Salem Hills, Eola Hills and Waldo Hills. On clear days, Salem offers a view of the coast range and the Cascades, with Mount St. Helens, Mount Jefferson and Mount Hood.

Even though the Willamette River passes right through Salem, the primary source of drinking water for the city is the North Santiam River watershed. Other bodies of water in the city include Mill Creek, Pringle Creek and Shelton Ditch.

Salem has a Marine West Coast climate with elements of the Mediterranean climate. Most precipitation occurs in the period between October and May and the dry season lasts from June through September. Major snowfall is rare in Salem.

Population of Salem

In 2000, the racial makeup in Salem was 70.7% non-Hispanic Whites, 14.6% Hispanics or Latinos, 2.4% Asians, 1.5% Native Americans, 1.3% African Americans, 0.5% Pacific Islanders, 3.4% from two or more races and 7.9% some other race.

The median household income in 2000 was $38,881 and the per capita income was $19,141.

Economy

The single largest employer in Salem is the state government. However, thanks to the position of the city along the I-5 corridor and its proximity to the largest city in the state, Portland, it is also a major food processing, packaging and distribution center and a hub for the nearby farming communities. Starting in 1990s, Salem has been trying to attract major computer-related plants to the city area. Many companies transferred to Salem or started their operations in the city, however some of them, such as SUMCO, have since moved to other cities.

In addition to the government, the largest employers in Salem include Salem Hospital, T-Mobile Calling Center, Spirit Mountain Casino, Wells Fargo Customer Contact Center, GE Security, NORPAC Foods Inc., Sanyo and Willamette University.

Points of Interest and Culture

Some of the points of interest in the city include Oregon State Capitol, Wilson Park, Mission Mill Museum, Hallie Ford Museum of Art, Riverfront Park, Elsinore Theatre, Red Opera House, Mahonia Hall, Salem Armory Auditorium, A.C. Gilbert’s Discovery Village and Prewitt-Allen Archaeological Museum.

Because of its dedication to preserving the urban forestry, Salem has been selected the “Tree City USA” for 30 consecutive years by the National Arbor Day Foundation. The city and its area also have a large number of wineries and vineyards open for visitors.

Some of the annual and seasonal events in the city include Oregon State Fair, World Beat Festival, Salem Art Fair and Festival, The Bite of Salem, Capitol Pride and the Salem Film Festival.

Education

Salem is home to the Corban University and to the Willamette University, the oldest university in the American West. Other institutions of higher education in the city include Chemeketa Community College and Tokyo International University of America. Some institutions, such as Portland State University and Oregon State University, provide undergraduate degrees at the Chemeketa Community College.

Sports

The city is home to the Salem-Keizer Volcanoes (minor league baseball) and the Salem Stampede (International Basketball League).

Transportation

Major highways in Salem include I-5 and Oregon Routes 99, 22, 221, 53 and 213. Passenger rail transportation service is provided by Amtrak on Coast Starlight and Amtrak Cascades lines and the intercity and interstate bus service is available through Greyhound and Chemeketa Area Regional Transportation System. Bus service, rideshare matching and other services are also provided by Salem-Keizer Transit (also known as “Cherriots”).

The City of Salem owns and operates the McNary Field (Salem Municipal Airport), however the closest full-service commercial airport is the Portland International Airport.

Statistical data for the Salem city

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

Total
154,637
White alone
122,21379.03 %
Black or African American alone
2,2831.48 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
2,2841.48 %
Asian alone
4,2152.73 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1,4600.94 %
Some Other Race alone
15,54510.05 %
Two or More races
6,6374.29 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Total
154,637
Not Hispanic or Latino
123,27879.72 %
Hispanic or Latino
31,35920.28 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Total
154,637
Not Hispanic or Latino
123,27879.72 %
White alone
109,35288.70 %
Black or African American alone
2,0811.69 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1,7501.42 %
Asian alone
4,1343.35 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1,4291.16 %
Some Other Race alone
2140.17 %
Two or More races
4,3183.50 %
Hispanic or Latino
31,35920.28 %
White alone
12,86141.01 %
Black or African American alone
2020.64 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
5341.70 %
Asian alone
810.26 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
310.10 %
Some Other Race alone
15,33148.89 %
Two or More races
2,3197.40 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes
35
Male
33
Female
36

Household Type

Total
57,290
Family households
36,26163.29 %
Husband-wife family
25,78971.12 %
Other family
10,47228.88 %
Male householder, no wife present
2,99828.63 %
Female householder, no husband present
7,47471.37 %
Nonfamily households
21,02936.71 %
Householder living alone
16,51378.52 %
Householder not living alone
4,51621.48 %

Geographical and Cultural Features and Landmarks in the Salem city - including Historical Features

Distance is calculated from the Salem city center coordinates

Distance limit:

Random list of Geographic Features located within the radius of 3 miles from the Salem city center

Airport

  • McNary Field Airport [1.29 mi] [2.07 km]
  • Mount Jefferson Lumber Company Airstrip [1.01 mi] [1.62 km]
  • Salem Hospital Heliport [0.83 mi] [1.34 km]

Building

  • Salem Fire Department Station 4 [1.37 mi] [2.21 km]
  • Salem Fire Department Station 6 [0.97 mi] [1.55 km]
  • East Marion Justice Court Salem [1.96 mi] [3.16 km]
  • Salem Public Works Department Operations Office [0.2 mi] [0.32 km]
  • Salem Fire Department Station 10 [1.82 mi] [2.94 km]
  • Marion County Fire District 1 Station 1 Four Corners [3.21 mi] [5.16 km]
  • Salem Central Library [1.23 mi] [1.98 km]
  • Hudson Concert Hall [0.92 mi] [1.49 km]
  • Smith Auditorium [0.95 mi] [1.52 km]
  • Willamette Playhouse Theatre [0.92 mi] [1.48 km]
  • Salem Municipal Court [1.25 mi] [2.02 km]
  • Salem City Hall [1.25 mi] [2.02 km]
  • Salem Public Works Department Civic Center Office [1.25 mi] [2.02 km]
  • Salem Public Works Department Salmon Run Office [1.18 mi] [1.9 km]
  • Oregon Tax Court [0.94 mi] [1.52 km]

Canal

  • Mission Ditch [0.46 mi] [0.74 km]
  • Shelton Ditch [0.68 mi] [1.1 km]

Cemetery

  • Saint Barbara Cemetery [1.43 mi] [2.3 km]
  • City View Cemetery [1.41 mi] [2.27 km]
  • Pioneer Cemetery [1.19 mi] [1.91 km]

Census

  • Four Corners Census Designated Place [2.54 mi] [4.09 km]

Church

  • Trinity United Methodist Church [2.22 mi] [3.58 km]
  • Saint Pauls Episcopal Church [0.95 mi] [1.53 km]

Civil

  • City of Salem [0.08 mi] [0.13 km]

Hospital

  • Salem Hospital Regional Health Services [0.9 mi] [1.45 km]

Island

  • Browns Island [2.84 mi] [4.57 km]
  • Minto Island [1.95 mi] [3.14 km]

Lake

  • Wirth Lake [1.93 mi] [3.1 km]
  • Stone Quarry Lake [0.83 mi] [1.33 km]

Locale

  • Croisan (historical) [2.85 mi] [4.58 km]
  • Cascades Gateway City Park Boat Ramp [1.79 mi] [2.88 km]
  • Hazelau (historical) [2.51 mi] [4.04 km]
  • Salem Golf Club [2.46 mi] [3.96 km]
  • Pringle (historical) [0.34 mi] [0.55 km]
  • Minto [1.61 mi] [2.59 km]
  • Salem Gun Club [0.75 mi] [1.21 km]
  • Cherriots Airport Road Park and Ride [0.96 mi] [1.55 km]
  • Cherriots Christ Lutheran Church Park and Ride [2.46 mi] [3.95 km]
  • Roy S Keene Stadium [0.79 mi] [1.28 km]
  • Cherriots Grace Baptist Church Park and Ride [2.16 mi] [3.48 km]
  • Winona (historical) [2.81 mi] [4.53 km]
  • Charles McCuloch Stadium [0.86 mi] [1.38 km]
  • Melas (historical) [1.35 mi] [2.18 km]
  • Bethel Substation [3.63 mi] [5.84 km]
  • Oregon Women's Correctional Center [1.08 mi] [1.74 km]
  • Gesner (historical) [1.71 mi] [2.75 km]
  • Oregon State Penitentiary [1.17 mi] [1.88 km]
  • Holman (historical) [3.61 mi] [5.81 km]
  • Bellevue (historical) [1.31 mi] [2.11 km]

Military

  • Salem Army Air Field (historical) [1.42 mi] [2.29 km]

Park

  • Clark Creek City Park [1.17 mi] [1.87 km]
  • Cascades Gateway City Park [1.63 mi] [2.63 km]
  • Candalaria Park [1.57 mi] [2.53 km]
  • McKinley School City Park [1.05 mi] [1.68 km]
  • Gilmore Field City Park [0.63 mi] [1.01 km]
  • Santana County Park [2.86 mi] [4.6 km]
  • Fairmont City Park [1.38 mi] [2.22 km]
  • Minto-Browns Island City Park [2.46 mi] [3.96 km]
  • Lee City Park [0.42 mi] [0.67 km]
  • Bush's Pasture City Park [0.73 mi] [1.17 km]
  • Richmond School City Park [0.64 mi] [1.04 km]
  • McCullock Stadium [0.81 mi] [1.31 km]
  • State Lands Ballfields City Park [1.43 mi] [2.3 km]
  • Aldrich City Park [0.58 mi] [0.93 km]
  • Pringle City Park [0.96 mi] [1.55 km]
  • Walker Park [1.15 mi] [1.85 km]
  • McRae City Park [1.04 mi] [1.67 km]

Populated Place

  • Four Corners [1.95 mi] [3.14 km]
  • Lachmund (historical) [3.75 mi] [6.04 km]
  • Kingwood Park (historical) [2.32 mi] [3.73 km]

Post Office

  • South 99E Post Office (historical) [1.37 mi] [2.2 km]
  • Minto Post Office (historical) [1.61 mi] [2.59 km]
  • Four Corners Post Office (historical) [1.95 mi] [3.14 km]
  • Pringle Park Plaza Post Office [1.23 mi] [1.97 km]

Reservoir

  • Blue Gill Lake [1.53 mi] [2.46 km]

School

  • Miller Elementary School [2.92 mi] [4.7 km]
  • Candalaria Elementary School [1.88 mi] [3.02 km]
  • Houck Middle School [2.58 mi] [4.15 km]
  • McKinley Elementary School [1.03 mi] [1.66 km]
  • Eyre Elementary School [3.02 mi] [4.86 km]
  • South Salem High School [0.82 mi] [1.32 km]
  • Four Corners Elementary School [2.25 mi] [3.62 km]
  • Howard Street Charter School [0.77 mi] [1.24 km]
  • Baker Elementary School (historical) [1.13 mi] [1.83 km]
  • Roberts High School [1.71 mi] [2.75 km]
  • Richmond Elementary School [0.67 mi] [1.07 km]
  • Bush Elementary School [0.67 mi] [1.08 km]
  • Oregon School for the Blind [0.92 mi] [1.47 km]
  • Salem Academy [2.82 mi] [4.54 km]
  • Willamette University [0.87 mi] [1.4 km]
  • Bilingual Gateway School [0.85 mi] [1.37 km]
  • Auburn Elementary School [2.68 mi] [4.32 km]
  • Saint John Lutheran School [0.94 mi] [1.51 km]

Stream

  • Laurel Creek [2.98 mi] [4.8 km]
  • Pettijohn Creek [2.95 mi] [4.74 km]
  • Croisan Creek [1.93 mi] [3.11 km]

Tower

  • KGAY-AM [3.27 mi] [5.26 km]

Photos from the Salem city

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Photos on Map - Salem city, Oregon

Map of Salem city, Oregon

Current weather situation in the Salem city

City Alias ZIP Codes
KeizerSalem97307
SalemBrooks97305
SalemDept Employment97311
SalemDept Motor Vehicle97314
SalemKeizer97303
SalemSalem97311, 97301, 97312, 97314, 97310, 97309, 97308, 97306, 97305, 97304, 97303, 97302, 97317
SalemState Accident Ins97312
SalemState Government97310

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