Newark city, New Jersey

USA > New Jersey > Newark city

Newark city, New Jersey

Newark city, New Jersey
Nickname(s):The Brick City, The Gateway City
Incorporated:April 11, 1836
Population
- Total:277.140 (2010)
- Density:11.085,6/sq mi (4.399,0/sq km)
Area code(s):862, 973
Time zone:EST (UTC-5)
Summer Time zone:EDT (UTC-4)
Website:www.ci.newark.nj.us
Area
- Total:27 sq mi (68 sq km)
- Land:25 sq mi (63 sq km)
- Water:2 sq mi (5 sq km)
- % water:7,35 %
Latitude:+40.7242204
Longitude:-074.1725735

Quick information summary of the Newark city area.

Newark city is located in the state of New Jersey. It occupies the area of 27 square miles. 2 square miles are water areas and 25 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Newark city lies at +40.7242204, -074.1725735 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 277.140 living in the Newark city. The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : Black or African American (52.35%), White (26.31%) and Some Other Race (15.22%). Median age is 31 for the males and 33 for the females.

Newark is a city in the U.S. state of New Jersey and the seat of Essex County. With a population of 277,140 it is the largest city in New Jersey and the second-largest city in the New York metropolitan area. It is located in the Gateway Region of New Jersey, some eight miles from Manhattan, New York.

Newark has the largest container shipping terminal on the East Coast and Newark Liberty International Airport is one of the busiest in the nation.

The city is a commercial and industrial center and a culturally diverse place, from dangerous urban neighborhoods to quiet suburban zones.

Newark is known as “The Brick City” and “The Gateway City.”

Click here to read the full detailed Newark city profile

Statistical data for the Newark city based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

Total
277,140
White alone
72,91426.31 %
Black or African American alone
145,08552.35 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1,6970.61 %
Asian alone
4,4851.62 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1180.04 %
Some Other Race alone
42,18115.22 %
Two or More races
10,6603.85 %

Click here to see many more graphs and stats tables for this area

Population break-up based on Counties and Subdivisions in the area

Counties Subdivisions
County (whole county) Newark city part within the County Subdivision (whole subdivision) Newark city part within the Subdivision
Essex County 783.969- Newark city part277.140
Newark city 277.140- Newark city part277.140

Profile of the Newark city

History of Newark

The city was founded 1666 by Puritans from the New Haven Colony. The name “Newark” probably derived from “New Ark,” or “New Work,” as the Puritans felt they had a new task to fulfill in this new colony. The land along the Passaic River was bought from the Hackensack Indians.

Real growth of Newark came with the Industrial Era. The town used to produce leather but real progress in this sector came in 1815 with the invention of patent leather manufacturing. By 1870 the city produced almost 90% of the nation’s leather. Another significant sector was iron and this industry grew even bigger after the completion of the Morris Canal in 1831.

The first railroad arrived to Newark in 1834. As a result, the city grew even bigger in population and its industrial base expanded and diversified. Waves of Irish and German immigrants moved to Newark in the mid-19th century. The city also became an insurance center and a transportation and shipping hub.

By the mid-20th century, Newark was a bustling East Coast city. With a great number of department stores it was also a retail center for the region, surpassed only by New York City. It also had many live theatres and a vibrant nightlife. Traffic soon became so heavy that the city had to convert the Morris Canal into Newark City Subway. At the time, only a few American cities had an underground transportation system.

New immigrants arrived after World War II, including those from Southern and Eastern Europe, and the city became even more culturally and ethnically diverse. This period, however, also marked the beginning of the decline for Newark. The industrial base was not as strong as it used to be and housing became a real issue for the city. Construction of new highways displaced many residents and further divided the city. Many residents moved to suburbs and the inner city was destined to decay. Poorer residents moved to low-income housing or “projects,” and in those areas crime rates were extremely high.

In 1967, Newark was the site of the most violent riots in its history. It is believed that 26 people died, 1,500 were injured, 1,600 arrested and the property damage amounted to $10 million in a clash between African Americans and the police. The city never really recovered after these riots. In the following decades Newark did complete some large urban renewal projects, built several important structures and brought in major companies, but it still went on to become one of America’s most decayed and dangerous cities.

Geography and Climate

Newark occupies an area of 26,107 square miles, of which some 7.3% is water. It lies on a large basin sloping towards the Passaic River and the altitudes range from sea level to 230 feet. The marshland on and around Newark Bay was reclaimed in the 20th century and used for the port and for the airport.

Climate in Newark is humid subtropical. The summers are hot and often very humid, and the winters are mild to cold, with plenty of snowfall and occasional snowstorms and large blizzards.

Cityscape

Newark is divided into five wards: North, South, East, West and Central Ward. Most of the historic places are located in the Central Ward. This ward also contains four universities and many company headquarters. The North Ward still has many colonial homes and the West Ward is probably the most dangerous area in the city. The South Ward is today populated mostly by African Americans and Latinos and the East Ward consists of the Downtown area and the Ironbound neighborhood.

Population of Newark

According to the 2010 Census, Newark has 277,140 inhabitants. The racial makeup is 52.35% Black or African American, 33.83% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 26.31% White, 1.62% Asian, 0.61% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 15.22% some other race and 3.85% two or more races.

Economy

The economy of Newark is today based on services, finance, insurance, industry and the port-related activities. The city is the third-largest insurance center in the USA and home of the Prudential Financial and Mutual Benefit Life.

Other major companies with headquarters in Newark include Manischewitz, New Jersey Transit, Public Service Enterprise Group, Audible.com, Horizon Blue Cross and Blue Shield of New Jersey, IDT Corporations and others.

The city hosts several consulates and diplomatic missions, including that of Italy, Portugal and Central African Republic.

Culture and Landmarks

Newark is home of the New Jersey State Opera, New Jersey Symphony Orchestra and the Newark Boy Choir. Major venues in the city include New Jersey Performing Arts Center, Newark Symphony Hall and the Prudential Center. It is also home of the largest museum in the state, the Newark Museum, and has a number of art spaces and galleries.

Architecturally significant buildings in the city include the Essex County Courthouse, the Newark Public Library, Eleven 80 building, National Newark Building and the Cathedral of the Sacred Heart, one of the largest gothic churches in the USA.

Education and Sports

Institutions of higher education in Newark include Rutgers University-Newark, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Seton Hall University School of Law, Essex County College, University of Medicine and dentistry of New Jersey and a campus of the Berkeley College. Most of these institutions are located in the University Heights district.

The only professional team that plays in Newark are the NHL’s New Jersey Devils, playing at the Prudential Center.

Transportation

Transportation and traffic are very important parts of Newark. The city is an air, rail, ship and road hub and a gateway to the New York area and to the northeastern USA.

Newark Liberty International Airport is the second-busiest airport in the New York region and the 14th busiest in the country.

Major highways in Newark include the New Jersey Turnpike (I-95), I-78, I-280, the Garden State Parkway U.S. Route 1/9, U.S. Route 22 and Route 21.

Newark is largely a commuter city. Mass transit is provided by New Jersey Transit, Port Authority Trans-Hudson and AirTrain Newark. Amtrak offers service to Washington, D.C. and Philadelphia.

Statistical data for the Newark city

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

Total
277,140
White alone
72,91426.31 %
Black or African American alone
145,08552.35 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1,6970.61 %
Asian alone
4,4851.62 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1180.04 %
Some Other Race alone
42,18115.22 %
Two or More races
10,6603.85 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Total
277,140
Not Hispanic or Latino
183,39466.17 %
Hispanic or Latino
93,74633.83 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Total
277,140
Not Hispanic or Latino
183,39466.17 %
White alone
32,12217.52 %
Black or African American alone
138,07475.29 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
7130.39 %
Asian alone
4,3182.35 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
680.04 %
Some Other Race alone
3,8992.13 %
Two or More races
4,2002.29 %
Hispanic or Latino
93,74633.83 %
White alone
40,79243.51 %
Black or African American alone
7,0117.48 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
9841.05 %
Asian alone
1670.18 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
500.05 %
Some Other Race alone
38,28240.84 %
Two or More races
6,4606.89 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes
32
Male
31
Female
33

Household Type

Total
94,542
Family households
61,68565.25 %
Husband-wife family
26,49542.95 %
Other family
35,19057.05 %
Male householder, no wife present
7,84322.29 %
Female householder, no husband present
27,34777.71 %
Nonfamily households
32,85734.75 %
Householder living alone
26,41080.38 %
Householder not living alone
6,44719.62 %

Geographical and Cultural Features and Landmarks in the Newark city - including Historical Features

Distance is calculated from the Newark city center coordinates

Distance limit:

Random list of Geographic Features located within the radius of 3 miles from the Newark city center

Airport

  • Jersey City Seaplane Base [3.55 mi] [5.72 km]
  • Terminal Newark One Helistop [2.47 mi] [3.97 km]

Building

  • Weequahic Branch Newark Public Library [2.22 mi] [3.57 km]
  • Clinton Branch Newark Public Library [1.55 mi] [2.49 km]
  • Newark Fire Department Engine 17 [2.01 mi] [3.24 km]
  • Newark Fire Department Engine 27 [0.9 mi] [1.45 km]
  • Newark Fire Department Engine 12 [1.09 mi] [1.76 km]
  • Ironbound Ambulance Squad [1.06 mi] [1.7 km]
  • Irvington Fire Department Station 2 [2.69 mi] [4.34 km]
  • Madison Area Branch Newark Public Library [2.13 mi] [3.43 km]
  • Newark Fire Department Engine 14 [0.13 mi] [0.21 km]

Cape

  • Droyers Point [3.63 mi] [5.84 km]

Cemetery

  • Clinton Cemetery [3.32 mi] [5.34 km]

Census

  • Irvington Census Designated Place [3.1 mi] [4.99 km]

Channel

  • Kearny Point Reach [2.71 mi] [4.36 km]
  • Droyers Point Reach [3.73 mi] [5.99 km]

Church

  • Canaan Baptist Church [2.37 mi] [3.82 km]
  • Greater New Point Church [3.38 mi] [5.43 km]
  • Philemon Baptist Church [2.23 mi] [3.58 km]
  • Union Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church [2.66 mi] [4.28 km]
  • Solid Rock Baptist Church [3.31 mi] [5.32 km]
  • Morning Star Baptist Church [2.19 mi] [3.52 km]
  • Zion Hill Baptist Church [1.81 mi] [2.92 km]
  • Philemon Church (historical) [1.44 mi] [2.32 km]
  • New Dawn Baptist Church [1.44 mi] [2.32 km]
  • Irvington Assembly of God Church [3.01 mi] [4.84 km]
  • Mount Herman Baptist Church [3.72 mi] [5.98 km]
  • Pleasant Grove Baptist Church [1.56 mi] [2.5 km]
  • Saint Pauls Church [0.92 mi] [1.48 km]
  • First Mount Zion Baptist Church [0.19 mi] [0.3 km]
  • Blessed Sacrament Church [1.75 mi] [2.82 km]
  • Our Lady of Mount Carmel Church [0.59 mi] [0.95 km]
  • Saint Michael's Russian Church [0.63 mi] [1.02 km]
  • Saint Mathews Church [2.14 mi] [3.45 km]
  • Trinity United Methodist Church [1.64 mi] [2.63 km]
  • Temple B'nai Abraham [1.78 mi] [2.87 km]
  • Iglesia De Dios [0.46 mi] [0.74 km]
  • Christian Love Baptist Church [3.39 mi] [5.46 km]
  • Saint Andrews Church [2.2 mi] [3.54 km]
  • Saint Casimir's Roman Catholic Church [0.74 mi] [1.19 km]
  • Brazilian Seventh Day Adventist Church [0.93 mi] [1.49 km]
  • Irvington United Methodist Church [3.07 mi] [4.95 km]
  • Saint George Byzantine Church [0.85 mi] [1.38 km]
  • Saint Luke African Methodist Episcopal Church [0.56 mi] [0.9 km]
  • Missionary Christian Church [0.43 mi] [0.7 km]

Civil

  • City of Newark [0.02 mi] [0.03 km]

Crossing

  • Interchange 54 [3.2 mi] [5.15 km]
  • Interchange 142 [3.95 mi] [6.35 km]
  • Interchange 57 [0.98 mi] [1.58 km]
  • Interchange 58 [0.98 mi] [1.57 km]
  • Interchange 56 [1.57 mi] [2.52 km]
  • Interchange 55 [2.51 mi] [4.04 km]
  • Interchange 142A [3.21 mi] [5.16 km]
  • Interchange 143 [3 mi] [4.83 km]

Hospital

  • Childrens Hospital of New Jersey [2.31 mi] [3.72 km]
  • Newark Beth Israel Medical Center [2.33 mi] [3.75 km]
  • Irvington General Hospital [3.68 mi] [5.93 km]

Locale

  • Oak Island Yards [2.18 mi] [3.5 km]
  • Stadium Plaza Shopping Center [3.89 mi] [6.27 km]
  • Passaic Valley Water Pollution Control Plant [2.23 mi] [3.59 km]
  • Brills Yard [1.9 mi] [3.06 km]
  • South Street Station [0.15 mi] [0.24 km]

Park

  • Saint Peters Park [2.72 mi] [4.37 km]
  • Greene Terrace Playground [3.3 mi] [5.31 km]
  • Garden State Chancellor Park [3.65 mi] [5.87 km]
  • Ruppert Stadium (historical) [1.39 mi] [2.24 km]
  • Rippel Field [1.08 mi] [1.74 km]
  • Irvington Park [2.93 mi] [4.71 km]
  • Independence Park [0.64 mi] [1.02 km]

Populated Place

  • Oak Island Junction [1.62 mi] [2.6 km]

School

  • Maple Avenue Elementary School [2.51 mi] [4.05 km]
  • Weequahic High School [2.72 mi] [4.38 km]
  • Chancellor Avenue Elementary School [2.71 mi] [4.36 km]
  • Saint Charles Borromen School [1.83 mi] [2.94 km]
  • Peshine Avenue Elementary School [1.81 mi] [2.92 km]
  • Saint Peters School [2.61 mi] [4.2 km]
  • George Washington Carver Elementary School [2.38 mi] [3.84 km]
  • Union Avenue Middle School [3.67 mi] [5.91 km]
  • Belmont-Runyon Elementary School [1.43 mi] [2.3 km]
  • Saint Paul the Apostle School [3.9 mi] [6.27 km]
  • Mount Vernon Avenue Elementary School [3.26 mi] [5.24 km]
  • Chancellor Avenue Elementary School [3.77 mi] [6.07 km]
  • Bragaw Avenue Elementary School [2.36 mi] [3.8 km]
  • Weequahic High School [2.12 mi] [3.42 km]
  • Malcolm X Shabazz High School [1.05 mi] [1.69 km]
  • William H Brown Academy [1.55 mi] [2.5 km]
  • Miller Street Elementary School [0.73 mi] [1.18 km]
  • University High School [2.02 mi] [3.26 km]
  • South Street Elementary School [0.17 mi] [0.28 km]
  • Clinton Avenue Elementary School [1.63 mi] [2.62 km]
  • Blessed Sacrament School (historical) [1.74 mi] [2.8 km]
  • Mount Carmel School [0.59 mi] [0.95 km]
  • Augusta Elementary School [3 mi] [4.83 km]
  • Saint Casimir School [0.73 mi] [1.17 km]
  • Ann Street Elementary School [0.89 mi] [1.43 km]
  • East Side High School [0.72 mi] [1.17 km]
  • Saint Columbus School [0.38 mi] [0.62 km]

Stream

  • Passaic River [2.96 mi] [4.77 km]
  • Hackensack River [3.22 mi] [5.18 km]

Tower

  • WNJR-AM (Newark) [3.76 mi] [6.06 km]

Photos from the Newark city

Photos provided by Panoramio. Photos are under the copyright of their owners.

Photos on Map - Newark city, New Jersey

Map of Newark city, New Jersey

Current weather situation in the Newark city

City Alias ZIP Codes
HarrisonEast Newark07029
NewarkAcademy07102
NewarkBank Of America07189
NewarkBank Of New York07198
NewarkCenlar Bank07184
NewarkIronbound07105
NewarkJ P Morgan Chase07193
NewarkJp Morgan Chase07188
NewarkMerrill Lynch Inc07199
NewarkMidtown07102
NewarkNewark07193, 07184, 07188, 07189, 07191, 07192, 07198, 07195, 07199, 07175, 07105, 07106, 07103, 07102, 07107, 07108, 07112, 07101, 07114, 07104
NewarkRoseville07107
NewarkThe Bank Of New York07195
NewarkUsps07175
NewarkVailsburg07106
NewarkWachovia Bank07191
NewarkWachovia Bnk07192
NewarkWashington Park07102
NewarkWeequahic07112

Are you from Newark city or have to say something about this place?