Jackson city, Mississippi

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Jackson city, Mississippi

Jackson city, Mississippi
Nickname(s):Crossroads of the South
Incorporated:1822
Population
- Total:173.514 (2010)
- Density:1.549,2/sq mi (602,5/sq km)
Area code(s):601, 769
Time zone:CST (UTC-6)
Summer Time zone:CDT (UTC-5)
Website:www.jacksonms.gov
Area
- Total:114 sq mi (294 sq km)
- Land:112 sq mi (288 sq km)
- Water:3 sq mi (6 sq km)
- % water:2,04 %
Latitude:+32.3158308
Longitude:-090.2128226

Quick information summary of the Jackson city area.

Jackson city is located in the state of Mississippi. It occupies the area of 114 square miles. 3 square miles are water areas and 112 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Jackson city lies at +32.3158308, -090.2128226 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 173.514 living in the Jackson city. The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : Black or African American (79.37%), White (18.42%) and Two or More races (0.91%). Median age is 30 for the males and 33 for the females.

Jackson is the capital and the largest city of the state of Mississippi. Along with Raymond, it is one of the two seats of Hinds County. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, Jackson has a population of 173,514, while its five-county metropolitan area has a population of 539,005.

The city lies in the Central Time Zone (UTC-6) and occupies an area of 106.8 square miles.

Jackson is often called the “Crossroads of the South” and its motto is “City with Soul.” The city was named after Andrew Jackson, who at the time of the naming was still only a general.

Click here to read the full detailed Jackson city profile

Statistical data for the Jackson city based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

Total
173,514
White alone
31,96118.42 %
Black or African American alone
137,71679.37 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
2480.14 %
Asian alone
6760.39 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
390.02 %
Some Other Race alone
1,3030.75 %
Two or More races
1,5710.91 %

Profile of the Jackson city

History of Jacskon

The area of present-day Jackson was initially inhabited by the tribes of the Choctaw Nation. The first white settler was Louis LeFleur, a French Canadian trader. The area became known as LeFleur’s Bluff. In 1821, the Mississippi General Assembly decided to move the capital closer to the center of the state and sent explorers to find an appropriate place. As the exact center was swamped, the expedition moved along until they reached LeFleur’s Bluff and found it to be not only beautiful but also appropriate for the needs of the future state capital. The city was named after Andrew Jackson, who would later become the president of the USA, and the state legislature met for the first time in December 1822.

The first railway links to other cities arrived in 1840. Unlike some other large cities in the state, Jackson is not located on the Mississippi River, which is why it did not prosper from the river commerce and relied more on the railroads instead.

During the Civil War, Jackson was an important manufacturing center for the Confederates. The city saw a lot of battle and destruction during the war and it passed from the Union to the Confederates and vice versa several times. After the Union troops captured Jackson the second time, they burned it almost completely to the ground. Today there are only a few antebellum structures in the city, most notably the Old Capitol and the Governor’s Mansion.

The economic recovery of the city after the war was slow, however some progress was made, especially in transportation. Jackson changed significantly in the first decades of the 20th century, with new high rise buildings and improvement of the railroad. At the same time, oil and natural gas industry started developing and contributing significantly to the state and local economy.

Jackson has played an important role in the Civil Rights Movement. As a typical Southern city, it had disfranchised Blacks in the past, especially with poll taxes. Even though laws and amendments solved those problems, at least on paper, racial tensions continued and culminated in the 1960s. In 1961, more than 300 Freedom Riders were arrested in the city while they demonstrated against racial segregation. In 1963, Medgar Evers, who was a civil rights activist, was murdered by a white supremacist. Disfranchisement and segregation subsided after the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 were passed. Still, when a black student by the name of James Meredith attempted to enroll at the desegregated University of Mississippi, the residents started a riot and the President Kennedy had to order the Army to place Jackson under martial law for one whole year.

Another racially motivated incident in the city was the bombing of the Beth Israel Congregation by the members of the Ku Klux Klan.

In 1970, two students were killed and twelve were wounded at Jackson State University during an anti-war protest.

Geography and Climate

Jackson is located on the Pearl River. Its territory belongs to three counties: Madison, Rankin and Hinds. The highest elevation in the city is 279 feet. The city sits atop the Jackson Volcano, which is, fortunately, extinct. The climate in the city is humid subtropical, with plenty of rain throughout the year, but especially in winter and spring. Slow is rare. Jackson is prone to thunderstorms, hail, damaging winds and tornadoes.

Population

As for the population, the racial makeup in Jackson is 79.4% Black, 18.4% White, 1.6% Hispanic or Latino, 0.4% Asian and 0.1% Native American.

Economy

The economy in Jackson is based on electrical equipment, machinery, food processing and metal products. Major agricultural products include livestock, cotton, soybeans and poultry.

Some of the largest companies in the city include Egron, Cal-Maine Foods, EastGroup Properties, Parkway Properties and Trustmark Corporation.

Culture in Jackson

Major cultural institutions in Jackson include Mississippi Opera, Mississippi Metropolitan Ballet, Ballet Mississippi, Mississippi Symphony Orchestra, Municipal Art Gallery, Mississippi Arts Center, Mississippi Civil Rights Museum, Jackson State University Botanical Garden, Russell C. Davis Planetarium, Smith-Robertson Museum and Cultural Center, Jackson Zoo and International Museum of Muslim Cultures. Other attractions in the city include Governor’s Mansion, State Capitol, Supreme Court, War Memorial Building, the Oaks House Museum, Mississippi Farmer’s Market and the Alamo Theater.

Jackson is a major center for gospel, blues and soul music. One of the major record companies is Malaco Records, famous for such acts as Johnnie Taylor, Dorothy Moore, Little Milton and Mississippi Mass Choir.

The city is also famous for the song “Jackson” performed by Johnny Cash and June Carter and also by Nancy Sinatra and Lee Hazelwood. Kid Rock also has a song “Jackson, Mississippi.”

Annual events of interest include Crossroads Film Festival, Festival Latino, OUToberfest, CelticFest and USA International Ballet Competition (every four years).

Education

Institutions of higher education in Jackson include Jackson State University, Tougaloo College, Mississippi College, Mississippi College School of Law, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Antonelli College, Belhaven University and Virginia College.

The international headquarters of Phi Theta Kappa are located in Jackson.

Transportation

Major highways in and around Jackson include I-20, I-55, I-220, U.S. Highways 49, 51 and 80 and Mississippi Highways 18 and 25. The city is also served by the Natchez Trace parkway, from Natchez to Nashville.

As for the railroad transportation, Jackson is served by Amtrak, Canadian National Railway and Kansas City Southern Railway.

The largest airport in the area is Jackson-Evers International, with non-stop service to 12 destinations in the USA.

Statistical data for the Jackson city

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

Total
173,514
White alone
31,96118.42 %
Black or African American alone
137,71679.37 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
2480.14 %
Asian alone
6760.39 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
390.02 %
Some Other Race alone
1,3030.75 %
Two or More races
1,5710.91 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Total
173,514
Not Hispanic or Latino
170,79198.43 %
Hispanic or Latino
2,7231.57 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Total
173,514
Not Hispanic or Latino
170,79198.43 %
White alone
31,19418.26 %
Black or African American alone
137,26580.37 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
2320.14 %
Asian alone
6600.39 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
180.01 %
Some Other Race alone
990.06 %
Two or More races
1,3230.77 %
Hispanic or Latino
2,7231.57 %
White alone
76728.17 %
Black or African American alone
45116.56 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
160.59 %
Asian alone
160.59 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
210.77 %
Some Other Race alone
1,20444.22 %
Two or More races
2489.11 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes
31
Male
30
Female
33

Household Type

Total
64,523
Family households
41,06963.65 %
Husband-wife family
18,53845.14 %
Other family
22,53154.86 %
Male householder, no wife present
3,76816.72 %
Female householder, no husband present
18,76383.28 %
Nonfamily households
23,45436.35 %
Householder living alone
19,49283.11 %
Householder not living alone
3,96216.89 %

Geographical and Cultural Features and Landmarks in the Jackson city - including Historical Features

Distance is calculated from the Jackson city center coordinates

Distance limit:

Random list of Geographic Features located within the radius of 3 miles from the Jackson city center

Area

  • Bald Prairie [3.97 mi] [6.39 km]

Building

  • Mississippi Coliseum [2.62 mi] [4.21 km]
  • Mississippi State Capitol [1.98 mi] [3.19 km]
  • Jackson Fire Department District 1 Station 3 [1.74 mi] [2.81 km]
  • Jackson Fire Department District 2 Station 24 [4.03 mi] [6.48 km]

Cemetery

  • Greenwood Cemetery [1.77 mi] [2.84 km]

Church

  • Saint Andrews Episcopal Church [2.04 mi] [3.28 km]
  • Fairfield Missionary Baptist Church [1.91 mi] [3.07 km]
  • Saint Philip Lutheran Church [1.2 mi] [1.94 km]
  • Pearl Street African Methodist Episcopal Church [1.32 mi] [2.12 km]
  • Nazareth Lee Missionary Baptist Church [1.17 mi] [1.88 km]
  • New Hope Missionary Baptist Church [1.75 mi] [2.82 km]
  • Saint Luther Baptist Church [1.23 mi] [1.98 km]
  • Saint Peters Catholic Cathedral [1.96 mi] [3.15 km]
  • Capitol Street United Methodist Church [1.46 mi] [2.34 km]
  • Pilgrim Missionary Baptist Church [1.01 mi] [1.62 km]
  • Galloway Memorial United Methodist Church [1.99 mi] [3.2 km]
  • Blacks Chapel Baptist Church [0.89 mi] [1.44 km]
  • First Baptist Church [2.09 mi] [3.36 km]
  • Amazing Church of God in Christ [0.78 mi] [1.26 km]
  • First Christian Church [2.12 mi] [3.42 km]
  • Greater Bethelehem Temple Apostolic Faith Church [0.79 mi] [1.28 km]
  • Greater Mount Calvary Baptist [0.8 mi] [1.29 km]
  • Westhaven Baptist Church [3.45 mi] [5.55 km]
  • Robinson Street Baptist Church [1.33 mi] [2.14 km]
  • Mount Zion Church of Christ Holiness [3.97 mi] [6.38 km]
  • First Seventh Day Adventist Church [2.2 mi] [3.54 km]
  • First United Pentecostal Church [1.99 mi] [3.2 km]
  • Van Winkle United Methodist Church [2.31 mi] [3.72 km]
  • Van Winkle Baptist Church [2.63 mi] [4.24 km]
  • Mount Helm Baptist Church [1.77 mi] [2.85 km]
  • Central Presbyterian Church [0.96 mi] [1.54 km]
  • Grace Church of the Nazarene [1.97 mi] [3.17 km]
  • Pearlie Grove Missionary Baptist Church [0.8 mi] [1.29 km]
  • United Community Pentecostal Church [1.73 mi] [2.78 km]
  • Old Strangers Home Baptist Church [1.3 mi] [2.09 km]
  • Calvary Baptist Church [0.78 mi] [1.26 km]
  • Church of Christ Holiness [1.62 mi] [2.61 km]
  • Holy Trinity Saint John the Theologian Church [0.67 mi] [1.09 km]
  • New Travelers Rest Baptist Church [3.87 mi] [6.23 km]
  • New McRaven Hill Baptist Church [3.75 mi] [6.04 km]
  • Trinity Bible Church [3.38 mi] [5.44 km]
  • Pentecostal Temple Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ [1.37 mi] [2.21 km]
  • Saint Mary Catholic Church [0.71 mi] [1.14 km]
  • Farish Street Baptist Church [1.46 mi] [2.36 km]
  • First Assembly of God Church [0.6 mi] [0.96 km]
  • Central United Methodist Church [1.51 mi] [2.43 km]
  • Greater Alpha and Omega Church [0.22 mi] [0.36 km]
  • Holy Ghost Catholic Church [1.55 mi] [2.49 km]
  • True Light Baptist Church [1.47 mi] [2.36 km]
  • Mount Wade Baptist Church [1 mi] [1.61 km]
  • Christ Temple Church of Christ Holiness [1.69 mi] [2.72 km]
  • True Vine Baptist Church [1.28 mi] [2.07 km]
  • New Bethel Baptist Church [0.93 mi] [1.5 km]
  • Open Door Mennonite Church [0.09 mi] [0.14 km]
  • Mount Bethel Church of Christ Holiness [0.3 mi] [0.49 km]
  • Bethany Church of the Nazarene [0.94 mi] [1.51 km]
  • Church of God Holiness [3.41 mi] [5.49 km]
  • New Jerusalem Baptist Church [1.56 mi] [2.5 km]
  • West Jackson Church of Christ [1.46 mi] [2.35 km]
  • Parkway Baptist Church [0.47 mi] [0.76 km]

Civil

  • Supervisor District 3 [3.15 mi] [5.06 km]
  • Hinds County [1.85 mi] [2.97 km]

Crossing

  • Interchange 1 [2.24 mi] [3.6 km]
  • Interchange 96B [2.85 mi] [4.59 km]
  • Interchange 96C [2.91 mi] [4.69 km]

Dam

  • Cooks Lake Dam [3.06 mi] [4.92 km]

Hospital

  • Mississippi Baptist Medical Center [1.96 mi] [3.16 km]
  • Mississippi Hospital for Restorative Care [1.94 mi] [3.13 km]

Locale

  • Metrocenter Mall Shopping Center [2.54 mi] [4.08 km]
  • Beasley Shopping Center [2.3 mi] [3.71 km]
  • Westland Plaza Shopping Center [1.2 mi] [1.94 km]
  • Midcity Shopping Center [0.86 mi] [1.39 km]
  • Van Winkle Shopping Center [3.08 mi] [4.96 km]

Oilfield

  • Jackson Gas Field [3.44 mi] [5.53 km]

Park

  • College Park [1.14 mi] [1.84 km]
  • Poindexter Park [1.21 mi] [1.95 km]
  • Hughes Field [1.03 mi] [1.65 km]

Post Office

  • Jackson Post Office [2.01 mi] [3.23 km]

School

  • Blackburn Middle School [1.16 mi] [1.86 km]
  • Clausell School [1.94 mi] [3.13 km]
  • Van Winkle Elementary School [3.31 mi] [5.33 km]
  • Enochs Junior High School [1.25 mi] [2.01 km]
  • Central High School [1.86 mi] [3 km]
  • Poindexter Elementary School [0.96 mi] [1.55 km]
  • Robertson School [1.64 mi] [2.64 km]
  • Provine High School [0.98 mi] [1.58 km]
  • Willowood Center [0.84 mi] [1.35 km]
  • Davis School [1.91 mi] [3.08 km]
  • Hardy Middle School [1 mi] [1.61 km]
  • Saint Marys High School [0.81 mi] [1.3 km]
  • Barr Elementary School [0.36 mi] [0.57 km]
  • Skinner Police Academy [1.1 mi] [1.78 km]
  • Holy Ghost High School [1.52 mi] [2.44 km]
  • Schools for the Deaf and Blind [0.5 mi] [0.81 km]
  • Whitfield Elementary School [0.63 mi] [1.02 km]
  • Brown Elementary School [1.44 mi] [2.32 km]
  • Rowan Middle School [1.36 mi] [2.19 km]

Stream

  • Cresote Slough [3.34 mi] [5.37 km]

Tower

  • WJXN-AM (Jackson) [2.95 mi] [4.74 km]

Photos from the Jackson city

Photos provided by Panoramio. Photos are under the copyright of their owners.

Photos on Map - Jackson city, Mississippi

Map of Jackson city, Mississippi

Current weather situation in the Jackson city

City Alias ZIP Codes
ByramJackson39272
FlowoodJackson39232
JacksonA H Mccoy Federal Bldg39269
JacksonFlowood39298
JacksonJackson39209, 39269, 39271, 39207, 39282, 39215, 39236, 39210, 39213, 39225, 39211, 39217, 39216, 39212, 39250, 39206, 39203, 39289, 39296, 39202, 39286, 39204, 39298, 39201, 39284, 39205, 39283
JacksonJackson State University39217
JacksonJax39217, 39215, 39298, 39216, 39296, 39282, 39283, 39271, 39269, 39284, 39289, 39250, 39236, 39286, 39209, 39225, 39213, 39211, 39207, 39203, 39210, 39202, 39201, 39205, 39204, 39206, 39212
JacksonJksn39271, 39202, 39282, 39250, 39283, 39207, 39205, 39203, 39269, 39284, 39215, 39206, 39236, 39286, 39289, 39216, 39211, 39217, 39210, 39296, 39298, 39201, 39225, 39212, 39213, 39209, 39204
JacksonJxn39204, 39283, 39298, 39286, 39201, 39296, 39289, 39203, 39202, 39284, 39205, 39213, 39236, 39209, 39225, 39210, 39217, 39211, 39215, 39212, 39271, 39250, 39282, 39207, 39269, 39206, 39216
JacksonMetrocenter39209
JacksonMillsaps College39210
JacksonRegions Bank39250
JacksonVisa39271
PearlJackson39208, 39288
RichlandJackson39218

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