Augusta city, Maine

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Augusta city, Maine

Augusta city, Maine
Founded:1754
Incorporated:August 20, 1849
Population
- Total:19.136 (2010)
- Density:341,7/sq mi (133,8/sq km)
Area code(s):207
Time zone:EST (UTC-5)
Summer Time zone:EDT (UTC-4)
Website:www.augustamaine.gov
Area
- Total:59 sq mi (151 sq km)
- Land:56 sq mi (143 sq km)
- Water:4 sq mi (8 sq km)
- % water:5,30 %
Latitude:+44.3349191
Longitude:-069.7342048

Quick information summary of the Augusta city area.

Augusta city is located in the state of Maine. It occupies the area of 59 square miles. 4 square miles are water areas and 56 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Augusta city lies at +44.3349191, -069.7342048 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 19.136 living in the Augusta city. The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : White (94.07%), Two or More races (2.29%) and Asian (1.52%). Median age is 41 for the males and 45 for the females.

Augusta is the capital of the US state of Maine, located in the New England region of the United States. With a population of 19,136 (as of 2010) it is only the ninth-largest city in Maine and also the third-smallest state capital in the USA. Augusta is located on the Kennebec River and serves as the seat of the Kennebec County.

Click here to read the full detailed Augusta city profile

Statistical data for the Augusta city based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

Total
19,136
White alone
18,00194.07 %
Black or African American alone
2011.05 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1270.66 %
Asian alone
2911.52 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
100.05 %
Some Other Race alone
680.36 %
Two or More races
4382.29 %

Click here to see many more graphs and stats tables for this area

Population break-up based on Counties and Subdivisions in the area

Counties Subdivisions
County (whole county) Augusta city part within the County Subdivision (whole subdivision) Augusta city part within the Subdivision
Kennebec County 122.151- Augusta city part19.136
Augusta city 19.136- Augusta city part19.136

Profile of the Augusta city

History of Augusta

The area of present-day Augusta was first explored by the members of Popham Colony in 1607. Members of the Plymouth Colony established in 1629 a trading post on the Kennebec River and called it by its Indian name - “Cushnoc.” The post was soon abandoned due to the conflicts with Native Americans in the area. At the time, the forts and settlements along the Kennebec River was under constant attacks by the Abenaki Indians, who were centered in and around Norridgewock. The Abenaki first attacked Fort Richmond and then destroyed Brunswick, prompting a fierce response by the British colonists who raided Norridgewock in 1724. It was clear that the area needed more British posts and a new fort, called Fort Western, was created in Cushnoc. This fort, and the town itself, were an important center for supplies and for troop gatherings in subsequent wars and conflicts, such as the Battle of Quebec.

Cushnoc was first incorporated in 1771 but initially it was part of Hallowell. In 1797, it was incorporated as an individual town and named Harrington. The same year it was renamed Augusta, after the daughter of Henry Dearborn, a physician and statesman from New Hampshire. The Kennebec County was asto established and Augusta was chosen as the county seat. Maine gained statehood in 1820 and seven years later Augusta became the state capital. Until the Maine State House in Augusta was completed in 1832, the state legislature met at Portland, the largest city in the state. Augusta entered a period of constant growth after being declared the state capital, however in the last decades of the 19th century it was surpassed by fast-growing Midwestern cities.

The soil in the area was good for agricultural activities and the water supply from the Kennebec River was also important for the economy in Augusta. With the arrival of the railroad in 1850s, Augusta became an important mill town. Cotton, paper, pulp, lumber and wooden products were the main products in the city and other significant sectors included publishing and shipping. The central business district was on Water Street. The city’s structure was densely concentrated, which made it sensitive to fires - in 1865, a large fire destroyed more than 100 buildings in the city. Many government offices moved away from the business district and as the population grew and the economy developed, companies moved further along as well. In the 20th century, the city officials have tried to revitalize downtown Augusta.

Old and abandoned factories and mills turned into housing projects, the old dam on Kennebec was relocated and its site was turned into a public park. Government institutions and agencies moved their offices to the eastern bank of the Kennebec.

Military presence was always important in Augusta, ever since the foundation of Fort Western. During the American Civil War, the city was a meeting point for the troops on their way to the front. Camp Keyes was established in 1862 and during the World War I it served as a training and mobilization camp. The camp later became the headquarters of the Maine National Guard, who still uses it for administrative purposes.

Geography and Climate

Augusta is the easternmost state capital in the USA. It lies in the Eastern Time Zone (UTC-5) and occupies an area of 58.3 square miles. Besides the Kennebec River, other important bodies of water in Augusta and its area include Bond’s Brook and Woromontogus Stream. Augusta lies at 120 feet above sea level.

The city has a humid continental climate, with warm and humid summers and long, cold and snowy winters.

Population

Augusta has a population of 18,560, of which 96,21% are Whites, 1.35% are Asian, 0.86% are Hispanics or Latinos, 0.48% are Native Americans, 0.01% are Pacific Islanders, while 1.3% are from two or more races and 0.16% are of some other race. The median household income in Augusta in 2010 was $29,921 and the per capita income in the city was $19,145.

The local government is led by a mayor-council system. The council has eight members and the mayor serves a three-year term. Augusta police department is one of the few PDs in the USA that have not had an officer killed in the line of duty for more than 100 years.

Economy of Augusta

Local and state government is the largest employer in Augusta. The city also relies on financial institutions, law firms, consulting and health care. Manufacturing used to be a large economic sector for the city, but it has declined since the late 1990s. High-tech companies, retail, warehousing and tourism are also significant sources of revenue in Augusta.

Some of the largest companies in the city include Central Maine Power Company, CSI Systems, Maine General Medical Center, Microdyne, Shop’n’Save, Pine State Vending Company and O’Connor GMC Buick.

Tourism

Some of the attractions in Augusta include the Blaine House (the governor’s mansion, a National Historic Landmark), Fort Western (the original settlement in Augusta and the oldest wooden fort in USA), Lithgow Public Library, Maine State House, Maine State Museum and Viles Arboretum. The Capitol Park, in addition to be one of the local’s favorite places in the city, also has a historic significance as it represented an encampment for Maine troops during the Civil War.

Major annual events in Augusta include the Whatever Family Festival and the Common Ground Fair.

Education

Augusta has five public schools, one private school and one college - the University of Maine at Augusta. The city has two public libraries - Lithgow Public Library and Maine State Library.

Transportation

The closest airport in the city is the Augusta State Airport, a small airport served by US Airways Express. North-east access to the city is possible through Maine Turnpike, I-95, U.S. 201 and State Road 27, while the U.S. 202 provides east-west access. Public bus transportation options include Greyhound Bus Lines and Vermont Transit Lines.

Statistical data for the Augusta city

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

Total
19,136
White alone
18,00194.07 %
Black or African American alone
2011.05 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1270.66 %
Asian alone
2911.52 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
100.05 %
Some Other Race alone
680.36 %
Two or More races
4382.29 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Total
19,136
Not Hispanic or Latino
18,79598.22 %
Hispanic or Latino
3411.78 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Total
19,136
Not Hispanic or Latino
18,79598.22 %
White alone
17,77294.56 %
Black or African American alone
1891.01 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1200.64 %
Asian alone
2881.53 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
100.05 %
Some Other Race alone
190.10 %
Two or More races
3972.11 %
Hispanic or Latino
3411.78 %
White alone
22967.16 %
Black or African American alone
123.52 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
72.05 %
Asian alone
30.88 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
00.00 %
Some Other Race alone
4914.37 %
Two or More races
4112.02 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes
43
Male
41
Female
45

Household Type

Total
8,802
Family households
4,49051.01 %
Husband-wife family
3,09468.91 %
Other family
1,39631.09 %
Male householder, no wife present
35325.29 %
Female householder, no husband present
1,04374.71 %
Nonfamily households
4,31248.99 %
Householder living alone
3,50381.24 %
Householder not living alone
80918.76 %

Geographical and Cultural Features and Landmarks in the Augusta city - including Historical Features

Distance is calculated from the Augusta city center coordinates

Distance limit:

Random list of Geographic Features located within the radius of 3 miles from the Augusta city center

Building

  • Augusta Fire Department Wells Station [1.67 mi] [2.69 km]

Cemetery

  • Riverside Cemetery [1.75 mi] [2.81 km]
  • Williams Cemetery [1.79 mi] [2.88 km]
  • Bolton Hill Cemetery [2.14 mi] [3.44 km]
  • Saint Augustine Cemetery [2.38 mi] [3.83 km]
  • Townsend Cemetery [2.75 mi] [4.43 km]
  • Coombs Cemetery [3.71 mi] [5.97 km]
  • Wall Cemetery [1.16 mi] [1.86 km]

Civil

  • City of Augusta [0.11 mi] [0.18 km]

Dam

  • Edwards Dam (historical) [1.87 mi] [3.01 km]

Lake

  • Togus Pond [3.75 mi] [6.03 km]
  • Tolman Pond [2.53 mi] [4.07 km]
  • Dam Pond [3.03 mi] [4.88 km]

Reservoir

  • Kennebec River Reservoir [1.87 mi] [3.01 km]

School

  • Lillian Parks Hussey School [1.64 mi] [2.64 km]
  • Williams School [1.79 mi] [2.89 km]
  • Sylvio J Gilbert School [2.34 mi] [3.77 km]
  • University of Maine at Augusta [3.13 mi] [5.03 km]
  • Ballard School (historical) [2.12 mi] [3.42 km]
  • Stone School (historical) [3.56 mi] [5.74 km]

Stream

  • Bond Brook [2.14 mi] [3.45 km]
  • Whitney Brook [1.7 mi] [2.73 km]
  • Riggs Branch [1.33 mi] [2.15 km]
  • Stone Brook [3.62 mi] [5.83 km]

Summit

  • Burnt Hill [2.71 mi] [4.36 km]
  • Bolton Hill [2.26 mi] [3.64 km]

Tower

  • WMDR-AM (Augusta) [1.56 mi] [2.52 km]
  • WFAU Radio Tower (Havre De Grace) [1.57 mi] [2.53 km]
  • WMME-FM (Augusta) [2.53 mi] [4.07 km]

Photos from the Augusta city

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Photos on Map - Augusta city, Maine

Map of Augusta city, Maine

Current weather situation in the Augusta city

City Alias ZIP Codes
AugustaAugusta04330, 04336, 04333, 04332, 04338
AugustaCentral M E Power Co04336
AugustaChelsea04330
AugustaMe State Agencies04333
AugustaSidney04330
AugustaTogus04330

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