Topeka city, Kansas

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Topeka city, Kansas

Topeka city, Kansas
Nickname(s):Capitol City, T-Town, Top City
Founded:December 5, 1854
Incorporated:February 14, 1857
Population
- Total:127.473 (2010)
- Density:2.089,7/sq mi (817,1/sq km)
Area code(s):785
Time zone:CST (UTC-6)
Summer Time zone:CDT (UTC-5)
Website:www.topeka.org
Area
- Total:62 sq mi (160 sq km)
- Land:61 sq mi (156 sq km)
- Water:2 sq mi (4 sq km)
- % water:2,50 %
Latitude:+39.0361700
Longitude:-095.6948257

Quick information summary of the Topeka city area.

Topeka city is located in the state of Kansas. It occupies the area of 62 square miles. 2 square miles are water areas and 61 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Topeka city lies at +39.0361700, -095.6948257 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 127.473 living in the Topeka city. The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : White (76.23%), Black or African American (11.31%) and Two or More races (4.95%). Median age is 35 for the males and 38 for the females.

Topeka is the capital of the US state of Kansas. With a population of 127,437 (as of 2010 Census), it is the fourth-most populous city in Kansas, after Wichita, Overland Park and Kansas City. Topeka is located on the Kansas River, in central Shawnee County in northeastern Kansas. The city occupies a land area of 61.4 square miles and lies in the Central Time Zone (UTC-6).

Topeka is sometimes called “Top City,” “T-Town” and “Capital City.” The city got its name after an expression in Kansa language meaning “to dig good potatoes,” referring to prairie potato which was the staple food for Native Americans in the area.

Topeka is probably best known for the famous case Brown v. The Board of Education of Topeka, in which the U.S. Supreme Court declared the segregation in public schools to be unconstitutional.

Click here to read the full detailed Topeka city profile

Statistical data for the Topeka city based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

Total
127,473
White alone
97,17276.23 %
Black or African American alone
14,42311.31 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1,7581.38 %
Asian alone
1,7171.35 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
930.07 %
Some Other Race alone
6,0064.71 %
Two or More races
6,3044.95 %

Click here to see many more graphs and stats tables for this area

Population break-up based on Counties and Subdivisions in the area

Counties Subdivisions
County (whole county) Topeka city part within the County Subdivision (whole subdivision) Topeka city part within the Subdivision
Shawnee County 177.934- Topeka city part127.473
Topeka city 127.473- Topeka city part127.473

Profile of the Topeka city

History of Topeka

The Oregon Trail was crucial in the foundation of Topeka. This wagon route carried immigrants west from Independence, Missouri towards Oregon. Kansas River was one of the first geographic obstacles on the route, but only for a short while, because a crossing with ferry service was soon established some 60 miles west of Kansas City, Missouri. In the 1840s and 1850s the crossing was frequently used but there was not much else in the area. Soon a new military road was constructed, stretching from Fort Leavenworth to Fort Riley, passing through Topeka. In 1854, the Topeka Town Association was established and one of the founders soon created also the Atchinson, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad, which was very important for the new town. Trade steamboats made Topeka their regular stop and by the 1870 Topeka became a commercial and distributive hub.

Kansas became a US state in 1861 and Topeka was chosen as the state capital. The construction of the state capitol began in 1866 but the process was slow and the building was only completed 37 years later. Another important building in the town was Constitution Hall, where abolitionist settlers convened in 1855 and wrote the first Kansas constitution, defining Topeka as the Free State Capital. In addition, Constitution Hall was the headquarter of the operation Lane Trail to Freedom, part of the Underground Railroad, used by many slaves who escaped towards free states and cities.

Topeka and the state of Kansas suffered during the Civil War, and there was also a severe drought in 1860, the growth of the city was steady and its economy grew solid. After the Civil War, many former slaves, especially those from Tennessee, settled in Topeka.

In the late 1880s there was a boom in Topeka, based on land speculations, however the bubble soon burst and most of the large investors were completely ruined. Still, the town itself managed to survive and its population actually doubled. Another boom took place in the first years of the 20th century, this time with automobile industry.

The most important event in Topeka’s modern history, and also one of the major moments in American civil rights history, was the Brown v. Board of Education, after which the segregation of public schools in USA became illegal and opened the way for more substantial racial integration of the country.

In June 1966, Topeka was hit hard by an F5 tornado. With over $100 million of property damage, it was one of the most destructive tornadoes at the time. The city lost many important historic buildings, but it managed to recover and since then its economic growth was steady. However, Topeka lost approximately 10,000 residents in 1974 following the closure of the Forbes Air Force Base.

In 2010, the mayor of Topeka proclaimed that for one whole month the city would be called “Google, Kansas, the capital city of fiber optics,” instead of “Topeka, Kansas.” The name change was obviously not official but it still resonated widely across the world, especially since Google, moved by the gesture, changed its homepage to say Topeka on April Fools Day 2010.

Topeka Geography and Climate

Topeka is located on the Kansas River, in northeastern Kansas. The city often experiences rather severe variations in weather, especially in temperature, wind and rainfall. The climate in Topeka is humid continental, with hot and humid summers and cool to cold winters. Thunderstorms are frequent and often intense, and tornadoes are not uncommon. The largest racial group in the city are Whites (76.2%), followed by Hispanics or Latinos (13.4%), African Americans (11.3%), Native Americans (1.4%), Asians (1.3%), Pacific Islanders (0.1%), as well as 4.7% from other races.

Economy

The State of Kansas is the largest employer in Topeka. Other large sectors include health care, education and services. Retail is also a large source of revenue for the city, with companies such as WalMart and Dillons, and the largest manufacturers are Payless ShoeSource, Hill’s Pet Nutrition, Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, Frito-Lay and Jostens.

Other major companies in Topeka include Collective Brands, Westar Energy, Capitol Federal Savings Bank, Sports Car Club of America and CoreFirst Bank and Trust.

Culture and Attractions

Topeka is a large Pentecostal center and home of the Bethel Bible College, where “speaking in tongues” was first claimed to be an expression of a spiritual experience. Topeka is also the home of the famous Congregational minister Charles Sheldon, known for coining the expression “What would Jesus do?”

Some of the major attractions and places of interest in Topeka include State Capitol with famous murals by John Steuart Curry, Kansas Museum of History, Topeka Zoo, Washburn University, Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site, Gage Park with Reinisch and Doran rose gardens and Heartland Park Topeka, a large drag and road racing track.

Education

The largest institution of postsecondary education in Topeka is the Washburn University. Other institutions include Friends University, Washburn Institute of Technology and the Baker University School of Nursing.

Transportation

Major roads passing through Topeka and its surrounding area include interstate highways I-70, I-470 and I-335 (part of the Kansas Turnpike). There are two airports in the area - Phillip Billard Municipal Airport and Forbes Field, however passenger air service is currently not available at either of them.

Amtrak provides passenger rail service (the Southwest Chief line from Chicago to Los Angeles) and the intercity buses are provided by Greyhound. Topeka Metropolitan Transit Authority provides local bus service.

Statistical data for the Topeka city

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

Total
127,473
White alone
97,17276.23 %
Black or African American alone
14,42311.31 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1,7581.38 %
Asian alone
1,7171.35 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
930.07 %
Some Other Race alone
6,0064.71 %
Two or More races
6,3044.95 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Total
127,473
Not Hispanic or Latino
110,44786.64 %
Hispanic or Latino
17,02613.36 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Total
127,473
Not Hispanic or Latino
110,44786.64 %
White alone
88,83980.44 %
Black or African American alone
13,77512.47 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1,3741.24 %
Asian alone
1,6871.53 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
860.08 %
Some Other Race alone
1320.12 %
Two or More races
4,5544.12 %
Hispanic or Latino
17,02613.36 %
White alone
8,33348.94 %
Black or African American alone
6483.81 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
3842.26 %
Asian alone
300.18 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
70.04 %
Some Other Race alone
5,87434.50 %
Two or More races
1,75010.28 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes
36
Male
35
Female
38

Household Type

Total
53,943
Family households
30,70756.92 %
Husband-wife family
20,43066.53 %
Other family
10,27733.47 %
Male householder, no wife present
2,61625.45 %
Female householder, no husband present
7,66174.55 %
Nonfamily households
23,23643.08 %
Householder living alone
19,34283.24 %
Householder not living alone
3,89416.76 %

Geographical and Cultural Features and Landmarks in the Topeka city - including Historical Features

Distance is calculated from the Topeka city center coordinates

Distance limit:

Random list of Geographic Features located within the radius of 3 miles from the Topeka city center

Airport

  • Allen Airpark [3.55 mi] [5.72 km]
  • Colmery - O'Neil Veterans Affairs Medical Center Heliport [1.69 mi] [2.71 km]

Building

  • Manor Care Health Services Nursing Home of Topeka [3.82 mi] [6.15 km]
  • Kansas Neurological Institute Honeybee Lodge [1.26 mi] [2.02 km]
  • Kansas Neurological Institute Flinthills Lodge [1.37 mi] [2.2 km]
  • Kansas Neurological Institute Meadowlark Lodge [1.44 mi] [2.32 km]
  • Kansas Neurological Institute Pleasantview Building [1.31 mi] [2.11 km]
  • Kansas Neurological Institute Sunflower Lodge [1.43 mi] [2.3 km]
  • Kansas Neurological Institute Wheatland Rehabilitation Center [1.29 mi] [2.08 km]
  • Kansas Neurological Institute [1.29 mi] [2.08 km]
  • Kansas Neurological Institute Cottonwood Lodge [1.37 mi] [2.2 km]
  • Topeka Art Guild Gallery [2.94 mi] [4.73 km]
  • Kansas Department of Transportation District One Office [0.91 mi] [1.47 km]
  • Hillcrest Community Center - Community Police Officer [2.17 mi] [3.49 km]
  • Topeka Fire Department Station 5 [0.59 mi] [0.95 km]
  • Hillcrest Community Center [2.16 mi] [3.47 km]
  • Shawnee County Health Agency Hillcrest Clinic [2.16 mi] [3.47 km]
  • Washburn University - Washburn Village [0.63 mi] [1.02 km]
  • Washburn University - KTWU Television Studio [0.58 mi] [0.93 km]
  • Washburn University - Student Recreation and Wellness Center [0.41 mi] [0.66 km]
  • Washburn University - Henderson Learning Resources Center [0.48 mi] [0.77 km]
  • Washburn University - Lee Arena [0.26 mi] [0.43 km]
  • Washburn University - Mabee Library [0.42 mi] [0.68 km]
  • Kansas Expocentre Exhibition Hall [0.49 mi] [0.79 km]

Church

  • First Church Christ Scientist [2.82 mi] [4.53 km]
  • Christ The King Church [3.73 mi] [6 km]
  • The House of the Lord Church [3.55 mi] [5.71 km]
  • The House of The Lord Church [3.55 mi] [5.71 km]
  • Grace United Methodist Church [1 mi] [1.6 km]
  • Topeka First Assembly of God Church [1.04 mi] [1.67 km]
  • Apostolic Church of Jesus Christ [2.84 mi] [4.57 km]
  • Crestview United Methodist Church [2.33 mi] [3.75 km]
  • Miracle Revival Center [2.7 mi] [4.35 km]
  • Saint Luke Missionary Baptist Church [1.37 mi] [2.2 km]
  • Heritage Park Wesleyan Church [0.85 mi] [1.37 km]
  • Unitarian Universalist Fellowship [2.37 mi] [3.82 km]
  • Community Christian Church [2.37 mi] [3.81 km]
  • Community Church [0.66 mi] [1.06 km]
  • Trinity Presbyterian Church [2.34 mi] [3.76 km]
  • California Acres Church of Christ [2.52 mi] [4.06 km]
  • Morning Star Bible Church [2.02 mi] [3.25 km]
  • Trinity Baptist Church [2.4 mi] [3.86 km]
  • True Light Baptist Church [1.83 mi] [2.95 km]
  • Seabrook United Church of Christ [1.97 mi] [3.18 km]
  • Metropolitan Community Church of Topeka [1.97 mi] [3.18 km]
  • First Southern Baptist Church [1.62 mi] [2.6 km]
  • Church of God Fellowship [2.84 mi] [4.57 km]
  • First Christian Church [1.56 mi] [2.51 km]
  • Most Pure Heart of Mary Church [1.44 mi] [2.32 km]

Crossing

  • East Topeka Interchange [3.89 mi] [6.26 km]

Hospital

  • Winter Veterans Administration Hospital [1.68 mi] [2.71 km]
  • Colmery - O'Neil Veterans Affairs Medical Center [1.65 mi] [2.66 km]
  • Washburn University - Petro Allied Health Center [0.28 mi] [0.46 km]

Locale

  • Topeka Country Club [1.1 mi] [1.77 km]
  • Dornwood Nature Trail [3.23 mi] [5.19 km]
  • California Acres Shopping Center [2.57 mi] [4.14 km]
  • West Ridge Plaza Shopping Center [3.54 mi] [5.69 km]
  • University Village Mall [2.21 mi] [3.56 km]
  • Washburn View Shopping Center [1.92 mi] [3.09 km]
  • West Ridge Mall [3.85 mi] [6.19 km]
  • Kansas Expocentre Domer Livestock Arena [0.45 mi] [0.73 km]
  • Kansas Expocentre Landon Arena [0.5 mi] [0.81 km]
  • Washburn University - Whiting Field House [0.25 mi] [0.4 km]

Military

  • Kansas National Guard Armory Nickell [1.23 mi] [1.98 km]

Park

  • Dornwood Park [3.17 mi] [5.1 km]
  • Big Shunga Park [1.29 mi] [2.08 km]
  • Seabrook Park [1.94 mi] [3.12 km]
  • Edgewater Park [2.42 mi] [3.9 km]
  • Country Club Park [0.96 mi] [1.55 km]
  • Lakewood Park [1.22 mi] [1.97 km]
  • Shunga Glen Park [0.68 mi] [1.09 km]
  • Hillcrest Park [2.06 mi] [3.31 km]
  • Sims Park [2.34 mi] [3.77 km]
  • Washburn University - Moore Bowl [0.37 mi] [0.6 km]
  • Washburn University - Yager Stadium [0.34 mi] [0.54 km]
  • Chesney Park [0.17 mi] [0.28 km]

Populated Place

  • Highland Park [1.86 mi] [3 km]
  • Adams Heights Mobile Home Park [1.33 mi] [2.15 km]

School

  • Christ the King School [3.74 mi] [6.02 km]
  • McClure Elementary School [3.01 mi] [4.84 km]
  • Seventh Day Adventist Elementary School [3.78 mi] [6.08 km]
  • Faith Baptist Christian School [3.13 mi] [5.04 km]
  • Hudson Elementary School [2.98 mi] [4.8 km]
  • Highland Park High School [2.56 mi] [4.12 km]
  • Stout Elementary School [0.76 mi] [1.22 km]
  • Topeka Public Schools McKinley L Burnett Administrative Center [0.81 mi] [1.3 km]
  • Quinton Heights Education Center [0.86 mi] [1.38 km]
  • Topeka Collegiate School [2.25 mi] [3.62 km]
  • Washburn University - Falley Field [0.58 mi] [0.93 km]
  • Topeka West High School [2.76 mi] [4.45 km]
  • Highland Park North Elementary School [1.82 mi] [2.93 km]
  • Hope Street Academy [2.1 mi] [3.39 km]
  • Washburn University - Bianchino Pavilion [0.4 mi] [0.65 km]
  • Washburn University - Kuehne Hall [0.54 mi] [0.86 km]
  • Washburn University - Benton Hall [0.47 mi] [0.76 km]
  • Washburn University - Carole Chapel [0.44 mi] [0.71 km]
  • Washburn University - West Hall [0.53 mi] [0.86 km]
  • Washburn University - International Center [0.44 mi] [0.7 km]
  • Washburn University - Carnegie Hall [0.28 mi] [0.45 km]
  • Washburn University - Law School [0.57 mi] [0.92 km]

Photos from the Topeka city

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Photos on Map - Topeka city, Kansas

Map of Topeka city, Kansas

Current weather situation in the Topeka city

City Alias ZIP Codes
TopekaBlue Cross66629
TopekaBurlington Northern Santa Fe66628
TopekaKansas Income Tax66699
TopekaKs Dept Of Revenue Taxation66625
TopekaKs Dept Of Revenue Vehicles66626
TopekaKs State Bd Of Health66620
TopekaMaterial Distribution Ctr66624
TopekaSecurity Benefit Life66636
TopekaTopeka66626, 66625, 66624, 66601, 66628, 66629, 66636, 66647, 66667, 66675, 66683, 66622, 66621, 66610, 66609, 66608, 66607, 66606, 66605, 66604, 66603, 66611, 66612, 66620, 66619, 66618, 66617, 66616, 66615, 66614, 66699
TopekaV A Hospital66622

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