Phoenix city, Arizona

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Phoenix city, Arizona

Phoenix city, Arizona
- Total:1.445.632 (2010)
- Density:2.790,8/sq mi (1.079,6/sq km)
Area code(s):602, 480, 623, 520
Time zone:MST (UTC−7)
- Total:519 sq mi (1.343 sq km)
- Land:518 sq mi (1.339 sq km)
- Water:2 sq mi (4 sq km)
- % water:0,30 %

Quick information summary of the Phoenix city area.

Phoenix city is located in the state of Arizona. It occupies the area of 519 square miles. 2 square miles are water areas and 518 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Phoenix city lies at +33.5721625, -112.0879662 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 1.445.632 living in the Phoenix city. The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : White (65.85%), Some Other Race (18.48%) and Black or African American (6.48%). Median age is 32 for the males and 33 for the females.

Phoenix is the state capital and the largest city in Arizona. With a population of 1,445,632, Phoenix is the most populous state capital in the United States and the sixth most populous city in the nation. Also, with 516.704 square miles, it is one of the largest US cities by land area.

Phoenix was founded near the confluence of Salt River and Gila River and it belongs to the northeastern part of the Sonoran Desert.

The city is often called “The Valley of the Sun” or simply “The Valley” because of its location in the Salt River Valley. Phoenix is in the Mountain Standard Time Zone (UTC-7). The inhabitants of this city are called Phoenicians.

Click here to read the full detailed Phoenix city profile

Statistical data for the Phoenix city based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

White alone
951,95865.85 %
Black or African American alone
93,6086.48 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
32,3662.24 %
Asian alone
45,5973.15 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
2,5550.18 %
Some Other Race alone
267,21418.48 %
Two or More races
52,3343.62 %

Click here to see many more graphs and stats tables for this area

Population break-up based on Counties and Subdivisions in the area

Counties Subdivisions
County (whole county) Phoenix city part within the County Subdivision (whole subdivision) Phoenix city part within the Subdivision
Maricopa County 3.817.117- Phoenix city part1.445.632
Chandler CCD 388.838- Phoenix city part0
Deer Valley CCD 258.464- Phoenix city part92.613
Phoenix CCD 2.972.357- Phoenix city part1.353.019

Profile of the Phoenix city

History of Phoenix

The area of present-day Phoenix had been inhabited by Hokoham peoples for more than 2,000 years. Those peoples largely left the area after severe droughts in 14th and 15th centuries. Other peoples, most notably the Maricopas, arrived later and settled in the area.

Phoenix area was generally neglected by the European settlers, explorers and missionaries as most of them concentrated on southern Arizona. Many fur traders, including the Mountain Men, passed through the area and sometimes passed some time there to replenish the supplies and to rest.

After the Mexican-American War ended in 1848, the entire Salt River Valley, including Phoenix, became part of the New Mexico Territory. During the Civil War, both Confederate and Union included the Valley within their borders. However, the area did not see any battles as its military importance was virtually inexistent.

The real history of Phoenix starts only after the Civil War, when a Confederate veteran by the name of Jack Swilling arrived to the area and saw its potential for farming. The only thing lacking was a steady water supply, which he solved by building canals. A small community was quickly established and, after changing several names, it was finally named Phoenix, describing a town that rose again from the ashes of a former civilization. The town grew, built its first institutions, schools and churches and in 1881 it was finally incorporated. Around that time the railroad came to Phoenix too, which provided the vital boost to the city’s economy.

When Arizona became a US state in 1912, Phoenix was chosen as the state capital due to its central position, despite the fact at the time it was smaller than Tucson.

During WWII Phoenix became one of the major national centers of military industry. Wartime in Phoenix was marked by several incidents, including the ban of the Army personnel from the city, the attempted escape of the German prisoners held in Phoenix and the fire that destroyed almost entire street railway fleet in the city.

After the war, the city continued to grow and tourism became one of the significant industries. During the 1970s and the 1980s, crime became a significant problem in Phoenix. The city neighborhoods were ethnically, racially and socially diverse, which aggravated the tensions and led to more crime. The last decades of 20th century were also marked by the UFO sightings and crime sprees including the Baseline Killer and Serial Shooter. Today, the crime rates have declined, the economy and the population continue to grow.

Phoenix Geography and Climate

As for the geography, the city is surrounded by the McDowell, White Tank, Superstition and Sierra Estrella mountains. The city is mainly flat and the main streets are organized into a grid. The main geographic feature in Phoenix is the Salt River which runs westward through it and it is often completely dry.

Since it is located in the northeastern portion of the Sonoran Desert, Phoenix has a typical subtropical desert climate. The summers are extremely hot and lot and the winters are warm. Rainfall is scant, however in the period between July and September there is often some heavy local precipitation and even flooding due to the increase of the monsoonal moisture.

Population in Phoenix

Phoenix has a large Mexican community. The largest demographic group is White (76.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (40.8%), Black (6.5%) and Asian (3%). The largest ancestry group is Mexican, followed by German, Irish, English, Italian, Polish, French and Scottish.


Agriculture used to be the primary industry in Phoenix, however in the last 40 years most of the farmlands had turned into suburbs. The state government is the largest employer in the city and some of the major companies include Allied Waste, PetSmart, and the Apollo Group. U-Haul and Best Western are headquartered in Phoenix.

Culture, Education and Sports

Some of the big names in popular music who came from or were based out of Phoenix include Stevie Nicks, Wayne Newton, Duane Eddy, George Benson, Bob Hoag and Alice Cooper, as well as bands such as Mr. Mister, Jimmy Eat World, Meat Puppets and The Refreshments.

Some of the most famous cultural institutions in the city include Phoenix Art Museum, Arizona Science Center, Heard Museum, Phoenix Symphony Hall and the Orpheum Theatre.

Phoenix is famous for its exquisite Mexican cuisine, one of the best in the United States.

Sport is very important for Phoenix and its residents. It has professional franchises in all four major sports leagues: the NBA’s Phoenix Suns, the NFL’s Arizona Cardinals (who never actually played in Phoenix itself but are nevertheless based there), the NHL’s Arizona Coyotes and the MLB’s Arizona Diamondbacks. Phoenix is also the center of the so-called Cactus League, which consists of fifteen MLB teams who have their spring training in Phoenix each year.

The main institution of higher education in Arizona is the Arizona State University based in Tempe, but with two campuses in Phoenix. There are also ten community colleges and two skills centers in the city.

Transportation in Phoenix

Arizona’s largest and busiest airport, Sky Harbor International (PHX), is located in phoenix. It is the 10th busiest airport in the United States. The second-largest airport in the area is the Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport.

Phoenix is the largest US city with no intercity passenger railroad service. The public transportation within the city is operated by Valley Metro, which includes buses, trains and a ride-share (carpool) program. As for the highways, two interstate highways pass through Phoenix (I-10 and I-17), as well as four state routs and the U.S. 60.

Statistical data for the Phoenix city

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

White alone
951,95865.85 %
Black or African American alone
93,6086.48 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
32,3662.24 %
Asian alone
45,5973.15 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
2,5550.18 %
Some Other Race alone
267,21418.48 %
Two or More races
52,3343.62 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Not Hispanic or Latino
855,75559.20 %
Hispanic or Latino
589,87740.80 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Not Hispanic or Latino
855,75559.20 %
White alone
672,57378.59 %
Black or African American alone
86,78810.14 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
23,3272.73 %
Asian alone
43,8945.13 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
2,0550.24 %
Some Other Race alone
2,2420.26 %
Two or More races
24,8762.91 %
Hispanic or Latino
589,87740.80 %
White alone
279,38547.36 %
Black or African American alone
6,8201.16 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
9,0391.53 %
Asian alone
1,7030.29 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
5000.08 %
Some Other Race alone
264,97244.92 %
Two or More races
27,4584.65 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes

Household Type

Family households
330,76264.25 %
Husband-wife family
217,89965.88 %
Other family
112,86334.12 %
Male householder, no wife present
36,23432.10 %
Female householder, no husband present
76,62967.90 %
Nonfamily households
184,04435.75 %
Householder living alone
139,66575.89 %
Householder not living alone
44,37924.11 %

Geographical and Cultural Features and Landmarks in the Phoenix city - including Historical Features

Distance is calculated from the Phoenix city center coordinates

Distance limit:

Random list of Geographic Features located within the radius of 3 miles from the Phoenix city center


  • John C Lincoln Hospital Heliport [1.14 mi] [1.83 km]
  • John C Lincoln Helistop [0.98 mi] [1.57 km]
  • Pulice Construction Heliport [0.9 mi] [1.45 km]


  • Phoenix Fire Department Station 60 [1.41 mi] [2.26 km]
  • Phoenix Public Library Acacia Branch [1.49 mi] [2.4 km]
  • Native Health West Community Health Center [1.4 mi] [2.26 km]
  • National Trauma Resource Center [1.05 mi] [1.69 km]
  • Deer Valley Filtration Plant [2.12 mi] [3.41 km]
  • John C Lincoln Health Foundation [1 mi] [1.62 km]
  • John C Lincoln Community Health Center [0.84 mi] [1.36 km]
  • Desert Mission Food Bank [1.15 mi] [1.85 km]
  • Phoenix Fire Department Station 7 [1.15 mi] [1.85 km]


  • Kingdom Hall of Jehovahs Witnesses of Squaw Peak [2.44 mi] [3.93 km]
  • Saint Stephen's Byzantine Church [2.56 mi] [4.11 km]
  • Open Door Fellowship Church [1.14 mi] [1.84 km]
  • The Church of the Epiphany [2.01 mi] [3.23 km]
  • Freeway Baptist Church [1.69 mi] [2.72 km]
  • Most Holy Trinity Catholic Church [1.48 mi] [2.38 km]
  • Faith United Methodist Church [0.92 mi] [1.49 km]
  • The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints [0.81 mi] [1.3 km]
  • Grace Mennonite Church [0.64 mi] [1.02 km]
  • North Village Baptist Church [1.67 mi] [2.69 km]
  • Grace Evangelical Methodist Church [1.14 mi] [1.83 km]
  • Christ the Redeemer Lutheran Church [3.67 mi] [5.91 km]
  • Assyrian Church of the East [2.74 mi] [4.42 km]
  • Royal Palms Baptist Church [0.86 mi] [1.38 km]
  • Clear Light Buddhist Center [1.3 mi] [2.09 km]
  • Christian Fellowship International Center [1.56 mi] [2.51 km]
  • Desert Chapel Church of Christ [3.03 mi] [4.87 km]
  • West Dunlap Baptist Church [3.16 mi] [5.08 km]
  • Pentecostal of Phoenix Church [1.2 mi] [1.92 km]
  • Morning Star Baptist Church [1.21 mi] [1.95 km]
  • Apostolic Christian Church of America [3.59 mi] [5.78 km]
  • Sunnyslope Presbyterian Church [0.96 mi] [1.55 km]
  • Iglesia Bautista Central [0.76 mi] [1.22 km]
  • Paradise Hills Assembly of God Church [3.61 mi] [5.81 km]
  • Trinity Lutheran Church [0.28 mi] [0.46 km]
  • New Hope Family Church [0.32 mi] [0.52 km]
  • Hungarian Reform Church [0.63 mi] [1.01 km]


  • City of Phoenix [0.04 mi] [0.06 km]


  • Dreamy Draw Dam [3.28 mi] [5.28 km]


  • John C Lincoln North Mountain Hospital [0.99 mi] [1.6 km]
  • North Phoenix Heart Center Main Office [1.02 mi] [1.64 km]


  • El Caro Country Club [1.43 mi] [2.3 km]
  • Thunderbird Shopping Village [2.79 mi] [4.49 km]
  • Olive Village Shopping Center [3.8 mi] [6.11 km]
  • El Monte Shopping Center [0.74 mi] [1.19 km]
  • Dunlap Village Shopping Center [2.73 mi] [4.39 km]
  • Sunnyslope Plaza Shopping Center [1 mi] [1.61 km]
  • Deer Valley Water Treatment Plant [2.15 mi] [3.45 km]
  • North Central Heights Shopping Center [0.78 mi] [1.26 km]
  • Metro Marketplace Shopping Center [1.8 mi] [2.89 km]
  • Hatcher Village Shopping Center [1.59 mi] [2.56 km]
  • Sunnyslope Community Center Park [1.45 mi] [2.33 km]
  • Sunnyslope Substation [1.64 mi] [2.64 km]


  • Royal Palm Park [1.02 mi] [1.64 km]
  • Hoshoni Park [3.33 mi] [5.36 km]
  • Alicia Park [1.11 mi] [1.79 km]
  • Herberger Park One [0.89 mi] [1.44 km]
  • Palma Park [1.75 mi] [2.82 km]
  • Sunnyslope Park [0.65 mi] [1.05 km]
  • Cortez Park [2.56 mi] [4.12 km]
  • Cortez Park [2.58 mi] [4.15 km]
  • Norton Park [1.95 mi] [3.14 km]
  • Honan Park Two [0.65 mi] [1.05 km]
  • Monfort Park [1.49 mi] [2.4 km]

Populated Place

  • Citrus Grove Trailer Park [1.39 mi] [2.24 km]
  • Palmas Royale [1.07 mi] [1.73 km]
  • Oregon Trail Mobile Home Park [1.85 mi] [2.98 km]
  • Palmaritas [2.73 mi] [4.4 km]
  • Sunnyslope [1.38 mi] [2.23 km]
  • Royal Palm Travel Trailer and Mobile Home Park [0.84 mi] [1.36 km]
  • Sunny Slope Mobile Home Park [0.35 mi] [0.56 km]
  • Wabash Trailer Court [1.34 mi] [2.15 km]
  • Mountain View Trailer Court [0.26 mi] [0.42 km]

Post Office

  • Phoenix Post Office Washington Station [1.73 mi] [2.78 km]
  • Phoenix Post Office Sunnyslope Station [1.34 mi] [2.16 km]


  • Manzanita Elementary School [3.34 mi] [5.38 km]
  • Royal Palm Middle School [1.06 mi] [1.71 km]
  • Apollo College Phoenix Campus [1.78 mi] [2.86 km]
  • Montessori Center School [0.89 mi] [1.44 km]
  • Desert View Elementary School [1.27 mi] [2.05 km]
  • Cardinals Academy [1.03 mi] [1.66 km]
  • Richard E Miller Elementary School [1.03 mi] [1.66 km]
  • Most Holy Trinity Catholic School [1.36 mi] [2.19 km]
  • Christ Rereemer Lutheran School [3.66 mi] [5.89 km]
  • Alta Vista Elementary School [2.27 mi] [3.65 km]
  • DeVry University [1.04 mi] [1.68 km]
  • Arizona College of Allied Health [3.84 mi] [6.18 km]
  • Cortez High School [2.28 mi] [3.67 km]
  • Sunnyslope High School [0.79 mi] [1.28 km]
  • The Art Institute of Phoenix [1.12 mi] [1.81 km]
  • Argosy University Phoenix Campus [1.12 mi] [1.8 km]
  • Lincoln Learning Center [1.09 mi] [1.75 km]
  • Montessori Public School Mountainside Campus [2.12 mi] [3.41 km]
  • Western International University [1.63 mi] [2.63 km]
  • Metrocenter Academy [2.08 mi] [3.35 km]
  • Mercury Mine Elementary School [3.79 mi] [6.09 km]


  • Cave Creek [1.27 mi] [2.05 km]


  • Veterans Mountain [3.06 mi] [4.92 km]

Photos from the Phoenix city

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Photos on Map - Phoenix city, Arizona

Map of Phoenix city, Arizona

Current weather situation in the Phoenix city

City Alias ZIP Codes
New RiverPhoenix85087
PhoenixCensus Bureau85097
PhoenixDesert Hills85086
PhoenixPhoenix85064, 85065, 85063, 85062, 85061, 85066, 85060, 85055, 85054, 85043, 85044, 85045, 85046, 85048, 85050, 85051, 85053, 85067, 85068, 85097, 85070, 85086, 85085, 85083, 85082, 85080, 85079, 85078, 85076, 85074, 85073, 85072, 85071, 85075, 85069, 85098, 85042, 85001, 85012, 85013, 85014, 85015, 85016, 85017, 85018, 85019, 85011, 85010, 85002, 85003, 85004, 85005, 85006, 85007, 85008, 85009, 85020, 85021, 85022, 85033, 85034, 85035, 85036, 85037, 85038, 85039, 85040, 85032, 85031, 85023, 85024, 85025, 85026, 85027, 85028, 85029, 85030, 85041

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