Juneau city and borough, Alaska

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Juneau city and borough, Alaska

Juneau city and borough, Alaska
Incorporated:1900
Population
- Total:31.275 (2010)
- Density:11,6/sq mi (4,5/sq km)
Area code(s):907
Time zone:AKST (UTC-9)
Summer Time zone:AKDT (UTC-8)
Website:www.juneau.org
Area
- Total:3.255 sq mi (8.428 sq km)
- Land:2.703 sq mi (6.998 sq km)
- Water:553 sq mi (1.430 sq km)
- % water:16,97 %
Latitude:+58.3727004
Longitude:-134.1787807

Quick information summary of the Juneau city and borough area.

Juneau city and borough is located in the state of Alaska. It occupies the area of 3255 square miles. 553 square miles are water areas and 2703 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Juneau city and borough lies at +58.3727004, -134.1787807 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 31.275 living in the Juneau city and borough. The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : White (69.75%), American Indian and Alaska Native (11.8%) and Two or More races (9.49%). Median age is 38 for the males and 38 for the females.

Juneau is the capital city of the US state of Alaska, located on the Gastineau Channel. Its official name is the City and the Borough of Juneau and officially it is a unified municipality. It was unified only in 1970, when it merged with the City of Douglas and the Greater Juneau Borough.

With a total area of 3,255 square miles, Juneau area is larger than Delaware and Rhode Island. However, it is very sparsely populated and has only 31,275 inhabitants (as of 2010). It is the third-largest city in Alaska, after Anchorage and Fairbanks. Juneau belongs to the Alaska Standard time zone (UTC-9). Its inhabitants are called Juneauites.

The city was named after Joe Juneau, who was a gold prospector.

Click here to read the full detailed Juneau city and borough profile

Statistical data for the Juneau city and borough based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

Total
31,275
White alone
21,81469.75 %
Black or African American alone
2790.89 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
3,69211.80 %
Asian alone
1,9196.14 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
2180.70 %
Some Other Race alone
3861.23 %
Two or More races
2,9679.49 %

Click here to see many more graphs and stats tables for this area

Population break-up based on Counties and Subdivisions in the area

Counties Subdivisions
County (whole county) Juneau city and borough part within the County Subdivision (whole subdivision) Juneau city and borough part within the Subdivision
Juneau City and Borough 31.275- Juneau city and borough part31.275
Juneau census subarea 31.275- Juneau city and borough part31.275

Profile of the Juneau city and borough

History of Juneau

Before the arrival of the European-American settlers, the Gastineau Channel, where the Juneau area is located, was populated by Auke and Taku tribes (Tlingit Indians). In addition to being a fishing and hunting ground, the area was also a major cultural and social center of the Native tribes.

The first European in the area was Joseph Whidbey, who was the ship master of Discovery, part of the George Vancouver expedition. He explored the entire length of the Gastineau Channel in 1794 and reported the channel to be almost completely unnavigable due to ice.

In the second half of the 19th century, the area was believed to have some deposits of gold ore, which prompted an engineer from Sitka to promise an award to those who would bring them gold. The findings were mostly inconsiderable but two important gold prospectors, Joe Juneau and Richard Harris, headed to the area nevertheless. They founded a small mining camp in 1880. In the following year, the camp site became an actual town, the first one after the Alaska purchase by the USA. The new town was first named Harrisburg (after Richard Harris), then Rockwell (after Charles Rockwell) and finally Juneau (after Joe Juneau). During that time, the capital of Alaska was Sitka, but it lost its importance when the whale and fur trade declined, and the capital moved to Juneau.

The capitol building in Art Deco style was completed in 1931 and dedicated as the Federal and Territorial Building. Alaska gained statehood in 1959 as the 49th US state and the building has been used by the state government ever since. After Alaska became a US state, the city grew rapidly due to the growth of the state government and services related to it. The construction of the Alaska Pipeline further contributed to the growth and development of the city. The growth slowed down in the 1980, only to be picked up again thanks to the cruise ship tourism.

Juneau Geography and Climate

As mentioned earlier, the municipality of Juneau occupies a very large area along the Gastineau Channel. Downtown Juneau is located at sea level, towered by steep 4,000 ft high mountains that form the channel. The Juneau Icefield is located on top of those mountains, with some 30 glaciers flowing from it (including Mendenhall Glacier, a very popular and easily accessible destination for locals).

The City and Borough of Juneau, as a unified municipality, also includes a tidal island called Douglas Island located west of the central Juneau.

Juneau is the only US capital that borders another country (Canada) and one of the three US state capitals (along with Trenton and Carson City) that border another state.

The climate in Juneau is actually milder than what is generally expected from an Alaskan city. Despite its latitude, the city is influenced by the Pacific Ocean. The winters are long and humid but not too cold (winter high temperatures are usually above freezing). Springs, summers and autumns range from cool to mild and the warmest month is July with the average temperature of  65 °F (18.3 °C).

Population of Juneau

The largest race group in Juneau is White (74.8%), followed by Native American (11.4%), Asian (4.7%), Hispanic or Latino (3.4%) and other or mixed races.

Economy

Two largest contributors to the economy of Juneau are the government (federal, state and municipal) and tourism. The tourist season in Juneau lasts from May to September, during which time up to one million visitors come to the city every year. Most of the tourism is related to the cruise ships. However, even though tourism is a great source of revenue for the city, it seems that not all locals are happy with the number of visitors that arrive on cruise ships. Many of them fear that this type of tourism is harmful not only for the local culture and society, but also for the landscape.

In addition to cruise ship tourism, Juneau gets a great deal of ski enthusiasts, especially in the Eaglecrest Ski Area.

Juneau always relied greatly on fishing, especially halibut fishing. While this is no longer the most important industry in the city as it once used to be, fishing is still very important in Juneau, with hundreds of boats who sell their catch to large processing plants in other cities in Alaska.

Culture, Education and Transportation

Some of the important cultural events and institutions in Juneau include Theatre in the Rough, Perseverance Theatre, Juneau Jazz and Classics Festival, Alaska Folk Festival, and, of course, the Juneau Symphony, Juneau Lyric Opera and Opera To Go.

The largest institution of higher education in Juneau is the University of Alaska Southeast.

One particularity about Juneau is that it cannot be reached by land. Juneau is one of the few US state capitals that do not have an interstate highway. The road construction and maintenance in the city and its area are complicated by hazardous factors such as avalanches and ice and several attempts to constructs roads that would connect the city with nearby places were either abandoned or postponed. Hence, the only routes to the city are by air or by sea.

The Alaska Marine Highway System includes a network of ferries that carry cars and trucks, as well as passengers. Juneau is connected to the Douglas Island by the Juneau-Douglas road bridge. The city is served by Juneau International Airport with Alaska Airlines as the only commercial passenger airline.

Statistical data for the Juneau city and borough

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

Total
31,275
White alone
21,81469.75 %
Black or African American alone
2790.89 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
3,69211.80 %
Asian alone
1,9196.14 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
2180.70 %
Some Other Race alone
3861.23 %
Two or More races
2,9679.49 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Total
31,275
Not Hispanic or Latino
29,68794.92 %
Hispanic or Latino
1,5885.08 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Total
31,275
Not Hispanic or Latino
29,68794.92 %
White alone
21,06570.96 %
Black or African American alone
2590.87 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
3,53411.90 %
Asian alone
1,8796.33 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
2130.72 %
Some Other Race alone
400.13 %
Two or More races
2,6979.08 %
Hispanic or Latino
1,5885.08 %
White alone
74947.17 %
Black or African American alone
201.26 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1589.95 %
Asian alone
402.52 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
50.31 %
Some Other Race alone
34621.79 %
Two or More races
27017.00 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes
38
Male
38
Female
38

Household Type

Total
12,187
Family households
7,74263.53 %
Husband-wife family
5,81675.12 %
Other family
1,92624.88 %
Male householder, no wife present
66134.32 %
Female householder, no husband present
1,26565.68 %
Nonfamily households
4,44536.47 %
Householder living alone
3,28073.79 %
Householder not living alone
1,16526.21 %

Geographical and Cultural Features and Landmarks in the Juneau city and borough - including Historical Features

Distance is calculated from the Juneau city and borough center coordinates

Distance limit:

Random list of Geographic Features located within the radius of 3 miles from the Juneau city and borough center

Census

  • Juneau Census Subarea [1.98 mi] [3.19 km]

Ridge

  • The Thoroughfare [2.61 mi] [4.21 km]

Summit

  • Annex Peak [1.71 mi] [2.75 km]

Photos from the Juneau city and borough

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Photos on Map - Juneau city and borough, Alaska

Map of Juneau city and borough, Alaska

Current weather situation in the Juneau city and borough

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