Birmingham city, Alabama

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Birmingham city, Alabama

Birmingham city, Alabama
Nickname(s):"The Magic City", "Pittsburgh of the South"
Founded:1871
Incorporated:December 19, 1871
Population
- Total:212.237 (2010)
- Density:1.443,8/sq mi (560,0/sq km)
Area code(s):205
Time zone:CST (UTC-6)
Summer Time zone:CDT (UTC-5)
Website:www.birminghamal.gov
Area
- Total:150 sq mi (386 sq km)
- Land:147 sq mi (379 sq km)
- Water:3 sq mi (7 sq km)
- % water:1,81 %
Latitude:+33.5274441
Longitude:-086.7990470

Quick information summary of the Birmingham city area.

Birmingham city is located in the state of Alabama. It occupies the area of 150 square miles. 3 square miles are water areas and 147 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Birmingham city lies at +33.5274441, -086.7990470 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 212.237 living in the Birmingham city. The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : Black or African American (73.4%), White (22.27%) and Some Other Race (2.03%). Median age is 33 for the males and 38 for the females.

Birmingham is a city in the U.S. state of Alabama. It is the largest city in the state and the seat of Jefferson County. In 2010 it had a population of 212,237, while the Birmingham-Hoover metropolitan area had 1,128,047, which is about one quarter of the entire population of Alabama.

The city used to be the industrial center of the South, especially in the steel industry, which is how it earned the nickname “Pittsburgh of the South.” Another popular nickname for Birmingham is “Magic City.”

The residents of Birmingham are called Birminghamians. The city lies in the Central Time Zone (UTC-6).

Click here to read the full detailed Birmingham city profile

Statistical data for the Birmingham city based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

Total
212,237
White alone
47,25822.27 %
Black or African American alone
155,79173.40 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
4450.21 %
Asian alone
2,1521.01 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
860.04 %
Some Other Race alone
4,3062.03 %
Two or More races
2,1991.04 %

Profile of the Birmingham city

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The city was founded in 1871 by the Elyton Land Company. The lots were located at the crossing of the South & North Alabama and Alabama and Chattanooga railroads. The first establishment at the site was a trading post and a country store. The area around the crossing had one important distinction - it contained iron, coal and limestone deposits. These three materials are used for making steel and Birmingham is one of the few places in the world where all three can be founded in close proximity. Considering this, the city was planned as a future industrial center right from the start and it was named after Birmingham, England, one of the major European centers of industry at the time.

The initial growth of Birmingham was rather slow due to outbreaks of cholera and later by the Wall Street crash of 1873. The city managed to recover and once it did its growth was unstoppable. At the turn of the century Birmingham developed a mix of neoclassical mid-rise buildings and skyscrapers, as well as industrial facilities, plants and warehouses.

The Great Depression did hit Birmingham but the city managed to bounce back during the World War II, when there was a very high demand for steel. After the war, the economy in Birmingham diversified and the city got many important civic institutions.

Birmingham was one of the cities in the center of the Civil Rights movement. The most prominent figure of the movement in the city was Fred Shuttlesworth who in 1963 invited Martin Luther King, Jr. and the members of the Southern Christian leadership Conference to come to Birmingham and help fight segregation and Jim Crow laws. They organized a series of protests and sit-ins, during which they had to endure police brutality and some 3,000 people were arrested. The protests were ultimately successful, resulting in the desegregation of the city and the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Dr. King wrote his famous “Letter from Birmingham Jail” while in custody. The same year there was a bombing in a church in the city in which four African American girls were killed and many were seriously injured.

The 1970s were a period of great development in the city, especially at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, which became one of the nation’s leading research centers. The city also got a number of new skyscrapers and various public structures. In the 1980s, like so many other American cities, Birmingham experienced white flight and the city core started to decay. Today the city is experiencing a whole new period of development, downtown is becoming a mixed-use district and the cultural and entertainment options are starting to expand.

The city is located in Jones Valley, surrounded by the tailing ends of the Appalachian Mountains. Red Mountain is the closest to the city. Other mountains include Sand Mountain and Ruffner Mountain. The valley has several creeks which come together to form the Black Warrior River. The city occupies an area of 151.9 square miles.

Birmingham has a humid subtropical climate, with hot summers, mild winters and plenty of rainfall. The city lies in the Tornado Alley, actually in its center, and was by F5 tornadoes on two occasions - in 1977 and in 1998.

At the 2010 Census Birmingham had 212,237 residents. The racial makeup was 73.4% Black or African American, 22.3% White, 3.6% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 1.0% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 1.0% two or more races and 2.1% some other race.

The city has the tenth-highest crime rate and the seventh-highest murder rate in the nation.

In 2000, the median household income was $26,735 and the per capita income was $15,663.

Even though it is not as prominent as it used to be, steel industry is still a major contributor to the local economy in Birmingham. The city is home to American Cast Iron Pipe Company and McWane, and companies such as Nucor, CMC Steel and U.S. Steel also have a major presence.

Another important sector in Birmingham is bio-technology and medical research, especially at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and its hospital, a Level I trauma center.

As a major banking center, Birmingham is home to BBVA Compass, Regions Financial Corporation and SouthTrust. It also hosts the headquarters of the insurance companies Infinity Property & Casualty, Protective Life, ProAssurance and Liberty National.

The former BellSouth phone company, now part of the AT&T Inc., has a major nexus in the city and owns one of its most prominent skyscrapers.

In addition, Birmingham is home to two of the largest soft-drink bottlers - The Coca-Cola Bottling Company United and Buffalo Rock Company.

Birmingham is the cultural and entertainment center of Alabama. It is home to the Alabama Ballet, Alabama Symphony Orchestra, Birmingham Ballet, Birmingham Concert Chorale and Opera Birmingham. Major venues in the city include the historic Alabama Theatre, the Carver Theatre, Alys Stephens Center for the Performing Arts, Boutwell Auditorium, the Verizon Wireless Music Center and the Birmingham-Jefferson Convention Complex.

The city hosts the Sidewalk Moving Pictures Festival, the Southern Heritage Festival and Taste of 4th Avenue Jazz Festival.

Notable museums in the city include the Birmingham Museum of Art, Southern Museum of Flight, Alabama Museum of Health Sciences, the Arlington Home and the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame.

Other sites of interest include the Vulcan statue (the world’s largest cast iron statue in the world), the historic 16th Street Baptist Church, Railroad Park, Kelly Ingram Park, Birmingham Zoo and Birmingham Botanical Garden.

Institutions of higher education in Birmingham include the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Samford University (and its Cumberland School of Law), Miles College, Birmingham School of Law, Jefferson State Community College, Lawson State Community College and Virginia College in Birmingham.

Birmingham has one of the most extensive highway networks in the region. Major highways include I-20, I-22, I-65 and I-59, as well as I-459, U.S. Highway 280 and U.S. Highway 31.

Mass transit is operated by Birmingham-Jefferson County Transit Authority and consists of buses, trolleys and paratransit service.

Railroad freight companies serving the city include CSX Transportation, BNSF Railway and the Norfolk Southern Company, while passenger rail service is provided by Amtrak (Crescent service).

The primary airport for the city is Birmingham-Shuttlesworth International Airport, located five miles northeast of downtown Birmingham.

Statistical data for the Birmingham city

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

Total
212,237
White alone
47,25822.27 %
Black or African American alone
155,79173.40 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
4450.21 %
Asian alone
2,1521.01 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
860.04 %
Some Other Race alone
4,3062.03 %
Two or More races
2,1991.04 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Total
212,237
Not Hispanic or Latino
204,53396.37 %
Hispanic or Latino
7,7043.63 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Total
212,237
Not Hispanic or Latino
204,53396.37 %
White alone
44,81921.91 %
Black or African American alone
155,25875.91 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
3610.18 %
Asian alone
2,1321.04 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
480.02 %
Some Other Race alone
1500.07 %
Two or More races
1,7650.86 %
Hispanic or Latino
7,7043.63 %
White alone
2,43931.66 %
Black or African American alone
5336.92 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
841.09 %
Asian alone
200.26 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
380.49 %
Some Other Race alone
4,15653.95 %
Two or More races
4345.63 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes
35
Male
33
Female
38

Household Type

Total
89,382
Family households
49,15554.99 %
Husband-wife family
22,22945.22 %
Other family
26,92654.78 %
Male householder, no wife present
4,53816.85 %
Female householder, no husband present
22,38883.15 %
Nonfamily households
40,22745.01 %
Householder living alone
33,69083.75 %
Householder not living alone
6,53716.25 %

Geographical and Cultural Features and Landmarks in the Birmingham city - including Historical Features

Distance is calculated from the Birmingham city center coordinates

Distance limit:

Random list of Geographic Features located within the radius of 3 miles from the Birmingham city center

Airport

  • Number One Fire Station Airport [0.95 mi] [1.52 km]

Building

  • Lakeview Opera House (historical) [1.63 mi] [2.62 km]
  • Birmingham Fire and Rescue Service Station 14 [2.93 mi] [4.71 km]
  • Birmingham Fire and Rescue Service Station 22 [1.41 mi] [2.27 km]
  • Union Station [1.04 mi] [1.67 km]
  • Birmingham Fire and Rescue Service Station 6 [1.31 mi] [2.11 km]
  • Washington Public Library (historical) [1.39 mi] [2.24 km]
  • Lyric Theater (historical) [1.04 mi] [1.68 km]
  • Birmingham Civil Rights Institute [1.22 mi] [1.96 km]
  • Birmingham City Hall [0.87 mi] [1.4 km]
  • Birmingham Fire and Rescue Service Station 1 [0.93 mi] [1.5 km]
  • Sloss Blast Furnaces [0.65 mi] [1.04 km]
  • Birmingham Public Library [0.72 mi] [1.16 km]
  • Linn Hinley Research Library [0.72 mi] [1.16 km]
  • Avondale Public Library [1.53 mi] [2.47 km]

Cemetery

  • McElwain Cemetery [4.04 mi] [6.5 km]

Church

  • First Ebenezer Baptist Church [2.07 mi] [3.32 km]
  • Temple Baptist Church [1.96 mi] [3.16 km]
  • McCoy Methodist Church [3.06 mi] [4.93 km]
  • Bethlehem Baptist Church [1.22 mi] [1.96 km]
  • Fourth Avenue South Baptist Church [1.02 mi] [1.63 km]
  • Pentecostal Holiness Church [1.04 mi] [1.68 km]
  • Zion Methodist Church (historical) [1.22 mi] [1.97 km]
  • Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church [1.22 mi] [1.96 km]
  • Grant African Methodist Episcopal Chapel [1.06 mi] [1.7 km]
  • Saint Josephs Baptist Church [1.88 mi] [3.03 km]
  • Temple Emanuel (historical) [1.11 mi] [1.79 km]
  • Saint Paul United Methodist Church [1.26 mi] [2.03 km]
  • Friendly Baptist Church [1.8 mi] [2.89 km]
  • Saint Francis Xavier Catholic Church [3.42 mi] [5.51 km]
  • First Cumberland Presbyterian Church (historical) [1.02 mi] [1.64 km]
  • Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church [1.95 mi] [3.14 km]
  • Central Presbyterian Church (historical) [1.02 mi] [1.65 km]
  • Christian Love Spiritual Church [2.08 mi] [3.34 km]
  • Saint Pauls Methodist Episcopal Church South (historical) [1.78 mi] [2.87 km]
  • Church of Christ [2.01 mi] [3.24 km]
  • Brown Memorial Christian Methodist Episcopal Church [2.16 mi] [3.48 km]
  • Saint Pauls Cathedral [0.73 mi] [1.17 km]
  • First Methodist Episcopal Church South (historical) [0.94 mi] [1.51 km]
  • Sixteenth Street Baptist Church [1.08 mi] [1.74 km]
  • First Presbyterian Church [0.76 mi] [1.22 km]
  • Sixth Avenue Presbyterian Church [0.97 mi] [1.56 km]
  • First Congregational Church (historical) [0.59 mi] [0.95 km]
  • First Baptist Church (historical) [0.6 mi] [0.96 km]
  • Church of the Advent [0.79 mi] [1.27 km]
  • Lily Grove Missionary Baptist Church [1.95 mi] [3.14 km]
  • Saint Johns African Methodist Episcopal Church (historical) [0.57 mi] [0.91 km]
  • Fountain Heights Baptist Church (historical) [1.46 mi] [2.36 km]
  • Clayborn Chapel (historical) [1.18 mi] [1.89 km]
  • First Methodist Church [0.91 mi] [1.46 km]
  • Church of God [1.79 mi] [2.88 km]
  • First Baptist Church [0.63 mi] [1.01 km]
  • Avondale United Methodist Church [1.48 mi] [2.39 km]
  • Grace United Methodist Church [3.97 mi] [6.39 km]

Crossing

  • Interchange 260 [1.68 mi] [2.71 km]
  • Interchange 125A [1.05 mi] [1.7 km]

Hospital

  • Select Specialty Hospital Birmingham [2.95 mi] [4.75 km]
  • Trinity Medical Center [2.96 mi] [4.76 km]

Locale

  • The Magic Place Shopping Center [1 mi] [1.61 km]

Park

  • Lakeview Park (historical) [1.78 mi] [2.87 km]
  • Legion Field [2.76 mi] [4.44 km]
  • Automotive Historic District [1.09 mi] [1.75 km]
  • Smiths Park (historical) [1.78 mi] [2.87 km]
  • Smithfield Historic District [2.17 mi] [3.5 km]
  • McLendon Park [2.72 mi] [4.38 km]
  • Crestline Park [3.71 mi] [5.97 km]
  • Downtown Birmingham Retail and Theatre Historic District [1.06 mi] [1.7 km]
  • Fourth Avenue Historic District [1.13 mi] [1.82 km]
  • Morris Avenue-First Avenue North Historic District [0.86 mi] [1.38 km]
  • Ingram Park [1.12 mi] [1.8 km]
  • Downtown Birmingham Historic District [0.78 mi] [1.26 km]
  • Joseph Riley Smith Historic District [2.49 mi] [4 km]
  • Avondale Park [1.68 mi] [2.7 km]
  • Sloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark [0.65 mi] [1.04 km]

Populated Place

  • Mountaindale [3.97 mi] [6.4 km]
  • Bentley Hills [3.29 mi] [5.3 km]
  • Crestline Park [3.87 mi] [6.23 km]
  • Graymont [2.17 mi] [3.49 km]
  • Owenton [3.37 mi] [5.42 km]
  • Forest Park [2.07 mi] [3.33 km]
  • East Thomas [2.31 mi] [3.72 km]
  • Birmingham [0.51 mi] [0.82 km]

Ridge

  • Red Mountain [2.46 mi] [3.96 km]
  • Enon Ridge [3.6 mi] [5.8 km]

School

  • Hill Elementary School [2.11 mi] [3.39 km]
  • Birmingham Southern College [3.14 mi] [5.05 km]
  • Slater School (historical) [1.39 mi] [2.24 km]
  • Brooke Hill School [2.53 mi] [4.07 km]
  • Davis Elementary School [1.05 mi] [1.69 km]
  • Parker High School [2.01 mi] [3.24 km]
  • Graymont Elementary School (historical) [2.6 mi] [4.18 km]
  • Lincoln Elementary School (historical) [1.74 mi] [2.81 km]
  • Glenn Vocational High School [3.76 mi] [6.05 km]
  • Saint Francis Xavier School [3.39 mi] [5.46 km]
  • Avondale Elementary School [1.75 mi] [2.81 km]
  • Saint Pauls Parochial School (historical) [0.75 mi] [1.21 km]
  • Henley School [1.04 mi] [1.68 km]
  • Advent Episcopal Day School [0.62 mi] [1 km]
  • Powell Elementary School (historical) [0.53 mi] [0.85 km]

Tower

  • W237-FM (Birmingham) [0.87 mi] [1.39 km]

Photos from the Birmingham city

Photos provided by Panoramio. Photos are under the copyright of their owners.

Photos on Map - Birmingham city, Alabama

Map of Birmingham city, Alabama

Current weather situation in the Birmingham city

City Alias ZIP Codes
BirminghamAla Gas Corp35295
BirminghamAlabama Power Co35291, 35292
BirminghamBham35254, 35238, 35290, 35288, 35287, 35285, 35283, 35246, 35282, 35260, 35266, 35261, 35229, 35291, 35297, 35296, 35298, 35295, 35294, 35292, 35293
BirminghamBirmingham35232, 35243, 35244, 35297, 35246, 35249, 35253, 35242, 35238, 35229, 35231, 35237, 35236, 35235, 35234, 35233, 35228, 35254, 35294, 35283, 35285, 35293, 35287, 35288, 35292, 35290, 35282, 35295, 35255, 35259, 35291, 35260, 35296, 35261, 35266, 35270, 35298, 35205, 35209, 35223, 35217, 35222, 35221, 35218, 35219, 35206, 35207, 35208, 35210, 35220, 35214, 35216, 35203, 35202, 35226, 35201, 35224, 35204, 35215, 35211, 35213, 35212
BirminghamBirmingham Southern College35254
BirminghamBlue Cross-shield35298
BirminghamBluff Park35226, 35244
BirminghamBusiness Reply Mail35282
BirminghamCahaba Heights35243
BirminghamCahaba Hts35243
BirminghamCaller Boxes35283
BirminghamCenter Point35215, 35235, 35220
BirminghamCenterpoint35235, 35220
BirminghamCompass Bank35296
BirminghamCrestline35213
BirminghamCrestline Heights35213
BirminghamCrestline Hts35213
BirminghamDept Of Treas Bur Accts35293
BirminghamEnglish Village35223
BirminghamEnsley35218
BirminghamForestdale35214
BirminghamGrayson Valley35235
BirminghamHomewd35219
BirminghamHomewood35259, 35219, 35209
BirminghamHoover35236, 35216, 35244, 35226
BirminghamHuffman35235
BirminghamIrondale35210
BirminghamJefferson Park35210
BirminghamLiberty Highlands35210
BirminghamMeadowbrook35242
BirminghamMidfield35228
BirminghamMountain Brk35259, 35213, 35243, 35210, 35219, 35209, 35266, 35253, 35216, 35223
BirminghamMountain Brook35223, 35253
BirminghamMtn Brook35243
BirminghamNorth American Mg35270
BirminghamOverton35210
BirminghamRegions Bank35246, 35287, 35288
BirminghamRiverchase35244
BirminghamRoebuck Plaza35235
BirminghamRose Hill35210
BirminghamRuffner35210
BirminghamS S Payment Ctr35285
BirminghamSamford University35229
BirminghamShoal Creek35242
BirminghamSouth Highlands35205
BirminghamState Farm Ins35297
BirminghamTarrant35217
BirminghamTrussville35235
BirminghamUniv Of Alabama Bir35294
BirminghamUniv Of Alabama Hospital35249
BirminghamVestavia35242, 35243, 35209, 35223, 35266, 35216, 35226
BirminghamVestavia Hills35226, 35242, 35216, 35266
BirminghamVestavia Hls35242, 35216, 35226, 35266
BirminghamWells Fargo35290
BirminghamWenonah35211

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